GCSE AQA Geography rural case studies

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Bluewater Park, Kent - case study
Out-of-town shopping centre
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Bluewater Park, Kent - what/where?
Largest and most recent of 5 regional shopping centres, in London's rural-urban fringe (many potential customers)
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Bluewater Park, Kent - why is it located there?
Accessible (close to the M25 and A2)
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Wilmington, Kent- case study
Commuter village
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Wilmington, Kent - historical characteristics
People used to work in agriculture (in 1960-8 working farms)
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Wilmington, Kent - impacts
Urbanisation, less profit from town centre, congestion, more homes built, larger population (1911-2,250 ---> 1991-6,600)
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Wilmington, Kent - why did it develop?
Direct access to main roads (M20, M2 and A2), area is ideal for families (education and housing), transport (7mins drive to railway station)
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Chale, Isle of Wight - case study
Consequences of rural depopulation and decline of services
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Chale, Isle of Wight - impacts on school
CofE school deemed financially unstable - had 34 pupils left (9 of which belonged to a self-financed nursery)
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Rhyd, Snowdonia - case study
Remote rural village
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Rhyd, Snowdonia - characteristics
Small village in North Wales, population of 37 people, 15 houses (5 of which are holiday homes)
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Rhyd, Snowdonia - impacts of depopulation
Since 1891, number of house has declined from 22 to 15, 53 residents have moved out of the area, school closed down due to lack of students
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East Anglia - case study
Commercial farming in the UK
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East Anglia - where?
Eastern England, situated in London suburbs (close to M11 and A1 allowing for rapid transport of produce)
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East Anglia - characteristics
It grows oil seed ****, wheat and barley, the land is gently sloping so machinery works well
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East Anglia - changes in farming
More specialisation in crop-growing, increase in mechanisation
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East Anglia - impacts
Increase in air/water pollution, loss of habitats (due to hedgerow clearance)
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Western Brazil - case study
Causes of deforestation - agricultural expansion
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Western Brazil - characterstics
Brazil supplies 34% of global soya exports, need more space to grow crops/manufacture
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Northern Brazil - case study
Causes of deforestation - cattle ranching
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Northern Brazil - characteristics
One of the largest exporters of beef in the world, causes soil exhaustion, no nutrient recycling
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Brazil and Indonesia - case study
Causes of deforestation - logging for timber
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Brazil and Indonesia - characteristics
80-90% timber extraction in Brazil and Indonesia is illegal, up to 28% of the EU's timber imports may be illegal
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Nile Valley - case study
Irrigation
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Nile Valley - characteristics
Nile Valley has been irrigated for 5,000 years, the river floods annually
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Nile Valley - reducing problems from flooding
Canals built across the flood plain to carry water to the fields, in the '60s the Aswan High Dam was built which prevented flooding
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Environmental stewardship - case study
Sustainable methods in farming
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Environmental stewardship - what does it do?
Provides funding to farmers who deliver effective environmental management on their land
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Environmental stewardship - objectives
Conserve wildlife, protect historic environment and natural resources, prevent soil erosion and water pollution, flood management, adapt to climate change
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SSSIs - case study
Sustainable methods in farming
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SSSIs - what does it stand for?
Site of Special Scientific Interest
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SSSIs - what does it do?
Protects wildlife and geology sites (over 4,100 in England) - for example Studland Bay
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SSSIs - objectives
Preserves natural heritage for future generations
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Largest and most recent of 5 regional shopping centres, in London's rural-urban fringe (many potential customers)

Back

Bluewater Park, Kent - what/where?

Card 3

Front

Accessible (close to the M25 and A2)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Commuter village

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

People used to work in agriculture (in 1960-8 working farms)

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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