GCSE AQA English Poetry Conflict

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Describe the form presented in "next to of course god america i."
The 1st 13 lines are 1st person dramatic monologue, final lines is in the 3rd person, as if the poem is presenting someone giving a speech. 14 regular lines could mimic a sonnet layout.
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Give 3 themes presented in "The Falling Leaves."
-Death -Sadness -Loss
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What is the poem "Mametz Wood" about?
Farmers in France in the present finding bones & skeletons (from soldiers who died during WW1) in their fields when they plough the land. The poem switches between describing their death in battle and the discovery of their skeletons in the present.
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Describe the form presented in "Mametz Wood."
The poem is written in tercets (3-line stanzas). It's written in the 3rd person, which gives a feeling of distance and detachment. Long sentences and enjambment give a reflective, saf tone.
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Describe the structure in "Mametz Wood."
The poem builds up chronologically to the present in stanza 5 where the poet describes the most recent find - 20 skeletons. The thoughtful tone and pace don\t change and the images of the past are there all through the poem.
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How is personification used in "Mametz Wood?"
The Earth is personified as someone who needs healing and as someone guarding the soldier's memory.
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How is figurative language used in "Mametz Wood?"
The poem contains lots of similes and metaphors to create vivid images of the rural farmland and ghostly glimpses of past events.
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Give 3 feelings and attitudes presented in "Mametz Wood."
SADNESS - the mournful tone suggests a calm sadness for the deaths of the young soldiers. UNDERSTATED HORROR - their death feels distant but is implied by small details. MEMORY - images of nature making sure that the dead soldiers aren't forgotten.
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Give 3 themes presented in "Mametz Wood."
-Reality of battles -Nature -Death
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What is the poem "The Yellow Palm" about?
The poem describes what the narrator sees as he walks along a main street in Baghdad. Some of the scenes the narrator sees as he walks along the street are violent or distressing, while others are peaceful and positive.
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Describe the form presented in "The Yellow Palm."
It's a first person ballad; 2nd, 4th and last lines in each stanza rhyme. Extending the rhyme lets the last two lines act as a kind of comment on the previous description. Extra details introduced, that challenge the images in the previous 4 lines.
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Describe the structure presented in "The Yellow Palm."
Each stanza is linked to the next through small associations. This emphasises the idea of a long street full of different but connected things.
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What is the effect of repetition in "The Yellow Palm?"
Repeating the same first line in each stanza emphasises the narrator's movement along the street and shows that it's all happening on one street.
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Describe two feelings and attitudes presented in "The Yellow Palm."
CONFUSION - Narrator finds contradictions between the beauty of things he sees and the violence/pain human society has caused. DETACHMENT - narrator sounds detached, as though he's presenting us with evidence & letting us draw our own conclusions.
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State two themes presented in "The Yellow Palm."
-Causes of conflict -Divided society.
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What is the poem "The Right Word" about?
The poem is about a suspicious & divided community, where different viewpoints lead to violence. The narrator looks for 'the right word' to describe a young activist who at first seems threatening. At the end, the activist seems to be just a harmless
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Describe the form presented in "The Right Word."
The poem is written in the 1st person, making it seem normal. The stanzas have no regular rhythm or rhyme, and are of different lengths - could reflect the difficulty of finding an agreed way of seeing the situation.
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Describe the structure in "The Right Word."
Stanzas 1-7 are all separate ways of describing the young man. Stanzas 1-3 are an ironic 'searching' for the right description, stanzas 4-6 suggest that it is too complicated to describe him, and stanzas 7-9 describe the real truth of the situation.
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How is repetition used in "The Right Word?"
Several phrases are repeated with slight changes each time, as if the speaker is going back and re-wording them to make them more accurate. Repetition of words like "door" and "shadows" keep up an atmosphere of suspicion and suggests uncertainty.
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A key feeling and attitude presented in "The Right Word" is importance of language. Explain why.
There is an idea that language is important, and that words can influence people's attitudes and create fear and suspicion. The poem suggests that labelling something can turn it into a threat when it isn't one.
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Apart from importance of language, give 2 feelings/attitudes presented in "The Right Word."
ANXIETY - descriptions of the activist in first 5 stanzas show how afraid/suspicious people can be. DESIRE FOR RECONCILIATION - sense of acceptance at the end when the speaker overcomes prejudices and takes the first positive step to reconciliation.
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State 2 themes presented in "The Right Word."
-Causes of conflict -Divided society.
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What is the poem "At the Border, 1979" about?
Someone crossing a border back into their homeland as a child. The family sound helpless/anxious. The adults become emotional about returning home. The narrator can't understand why it's so important to them when things look the same on both sides.
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Describe the form presented in "At the Border, 1979."
-Poem written in the first person, showing it's a personal memory. The stanzas are unequal lengths; suggests memories occurring to the character as she pieces together memories of the scene. Usage of caesura and enjambment reinforce this impression.
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Describe the structure in "At the Border, 1979."
The beginning of the poem uses a lot of direct speech. The tone becomes more reflective in stanzas 6 and 7 as the poet describes the lack of difference between the two sides of the border.
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How is child-like language used in "At the Border, 1979?"
The poem is written in a simple style with no further description or imagery. The short sentences screate a sense of a child's memory and make me message - that borders are artificial and unnecessary - seem obvious.
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State 2 feelings and attitudes presented in "At the Border, 1979."
NATIONALISM - Sense that people have their feelings manipulated by nationalism, and that national boundaries and restrictions have negative effects. CHILD LIKE VIEW - contrast between logical perspective of a child and complex emotions of adults.
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State 2 themes presented in "At the Border, 1979."
-Divided society -Helplessness
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What is the poem "Belfast Confetti" about?
The narrator is caught up in a bomb incident in Belfast. He describes his attempt to get to safety away from the bomb. Every time he tries to escape, his attempts are thwarted by security forces and confusion.
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Describe the form presented in "Belfast Confetti."
Irregular line lengths, incomplete sentences, ellipsis and enjambment all give a fragmented feel to the comments, as if the narrator's being interrupted. Long lines alternate with lines of just a few words, as if the poet keeps reaching a dead end.
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Describe the structure in "Belfast Confetti."
Poem seems to start in the middle of an incident and there is no clear conclusion. The language changes from past to present tense between 1st and 2nd stanza to show the narrator is unable to ecape from the scene or the panic in his head.
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How is imagery effectively used in "Belfast Confetti?"
The poem contains a lot of strong imagery and metaphors, which describe violence and language in terms of each other - suggests they have similar damaging effects. It also hints at a failure to communicate.
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Give 2 feelings and attitudes presented in "Belfast Confetti."
BEING TRAPPED - by the physical blockades and harassed by language used by the security forces to control who goes where. VIOLENCE (physical and verbal) - confuses and distresses the speaker.
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State 2 themes in "Belfast Confetti."
-Reality of battles -Divided society
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What is the poem "Poppies" about?
A Mother describes her emotional reaction to her son leaving to fight in the army - she feels sad and scared for his safety. She describes helping him smarten his uniform ready to leave. After he leaves, she goes to places that remind her of him.
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Describe the form in "Poppies."
There is no regular rhyme or rhythm, which helps to make it sounds like someone's thoughts and memories. Long sentences and enjambment give an impression of someone absorbed in their own thoughts and memories.
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Describe the structure in "Poppies."
The poem starts with her son leaving and then goes on to describe what she did afterwards, but the time frame in the poem is ambiguous. A lot of the images could almost describe a young child going to school for the first time.
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How is emotional language used in "Poppies?"
There are lots of statements beginning with the first person, which gives us a strong impression of the mother's emotions.
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State 3 feelings and attitudes presented in "Poppies."
LOSS - Mother sad about leaving her son. FEAR - feelings of anxiety of fear for her son's safety. FREEDOM - The poem shows the contrasting perspectives between the loss the mother feels and the feelings of freedom and excitement her son experiences.
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Give 3 themes presented in "Poppies".
Effects of conflict -Sadness -Loss
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Give 3 themes presented in "The Falling Leaves."

Back

-Death -Sadness -Loss

Card 3

Front

What is the poem "Mametz Wood" about?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Describe the form presented in "Mametz Wood."

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Describe the structure in "Mametz Wood."

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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