GCSE various sport topics part 2

What are the effects of stimulants?
increase mental and physical alertness
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What are the health risks of stimulants?
insomnia, addiction, increased heart rate, high blood pressure
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What are the effects of peptide hormones?
cause other hormones to be produced
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What are the health risks of peptide hormones?
thickness blood, increased risk of heart attacks
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Name a peptide hormone
EPO or HGH
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What is cross training?
using two or more methods of training
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Name all the methods of training
continuous, interval, fartlek, weight, circuit and cross training
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What are the Key influences in the group culture?
disability, age, gender and race
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Name all the Key influence groups
image, people, culture, resources, health and well-being and socio economic factors
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What are the Key influences in the group socio economic?
cost, unemployment and status
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What is Progressive overload and individual needs?
PO = gradually increasing the amount of work you do in training. IN = matching the training to the requirments to the person
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What do Carbohydrates do?
provides quick energy, biggests proportion of diet (carb loading)
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What do vitamins do?
increase concentration levels. VITAMIN B = helps energy levels. VITAMIN D = helps bone growth
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What do the minerals calcium and Iron do?
Calcium helps strengthen bones. Iron prevents us from getting tired
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What are the functions of the Cardiovascular system?
transport substances, protection from illness (antibodies) and control body temperature
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What are the Short term/ immediate effects of the Cardiovascular system?
increase stroke volume, increase heart rate, increase oxygen delivery and carbon dioxide removal
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What are the Long term effects of the Cardiovascular system?
increase fitness level, cardiac output, strength of heart, number of red blood cells, and lowered resting heart rate
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What is Stroke volume and Cardiac output?
SV = amount of blood pumped out of the heart each beat. CO= amount of blood leaving the heart per minute
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What skills do officals need?
good knowledge of the game, confidence, management skills, communication skills and planning skills
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What are the key features om health and well being?
ilness and injury
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How would you spot progressive overload in a training session?
increase in intensity between sessions, gradual increase in amount of work
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how do you calculate the correct target zone?
220 - age, 60 -80% of that for an endurance athlete.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the health risks of stimulants?

Back

insomnia, addiction, increased heart rate, high blood pressure

Card 3

Front

What are the effects of peptide hormones?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the health risks of peptide hormones?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Name a peptide hormone

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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