GCSE various sport topics

What are the definition of health, fitness and exercise
a state complete mental, social and physcial wellbeing, to meet the demands of the environment, a form of physcial activity to improve or maintain fitness and health
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Name the Skill related fitness components
speed, agility, reaction time, power, coordination and balance
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Name the health related fitness components
cardiovascular fitness, muscular endurance, muscular strength and flexibility
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What are the function of the skeleton and what do they do?
aid movement (attach mucsle to bone, movement at joints), support (body's framework) and protect vital organs
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What is flexion and extension?
flexion = angle at a joint decreases. Extension = angle at a joint increases
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What is abduction and adduction?
abduction = movement away from the midline of the body. Adduction = movement towards the midline of the body
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What are the effects of anabolic steriods?
increased muscle mass and bone growth, mimics testerosterone, allow you to train harder for longer
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What are the health risks of anabolic steriods?
infertility, high blood pressure, liver damage, increased risk of heart disease
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what are the effects of beta blockers?
produce a calming effect, reduce anxiety levels, reduce muscle tremors, control heart rate
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What are the health risks of beta blockers?
nausea, tiredness, depression, diarrhoea
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What are the effects of Narcotics?
reduce pain / hide injuries
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What are the Health risks of Narcotics?
loss of concentration, balance and coordination and hallucinations
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What are the effects of Diuretics?
increase amount of urine produced and able to lose weight quickly
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What are the health risks of Diuretics?
dehydration, dizziness, cramps and kidney problems
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Define Flexibility
amount of movement possible at a joint
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What are voluntary and involuntary muscles?
Involuntary, work without any effort, voluntary, under your control
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Define Balance?
ability to keep your centre of mass over a base of support
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Define Reaction time
make decisions quickly, (stimulus)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Name the Skill related fitness components

Back

speed, agility, reaction time, power, coordination and balance

Card 3

Front

Name the health related fitness components

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the function of the skeleton and what do they do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is flexion and extension?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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