GCSE Physical Education

What cells carry nutrients and oxygen to the body cells? (Red, white, or Platelets)
Red
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What blood vessels take deoxygenated blood to the heart and lungs to be oxygenated? (Veins, capillaries, or arteries)
Veins
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What organ pumps oxygenated blood to the body and deoxygenated blood to the lungs? (Brain, liver, or heart)
Heart
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What are the chambers of the heart? (Atria or auricles and ventricles, Veins and arteries, Adenoids and tonsils)
Atria or auricles and ventricles
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Which of thee is a fluid akin to blood and plasma that contains white blood cells? (Lymph, urine, or saliva)
Lymph
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which of these is the watery part of the blood? (Veins, platelets, plasma)
Plasma
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Which of these is the job of the circulatory system? (To break down food so that it can be used by the body, to distribute blood and lymph throughout the body, to give the body shape and support)
To distribute blood and lymph throughout the body
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Where do red blood cells come from? (Bone marrow, liver, or pancreas)
Bone Marrow
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What blood cells help fight disease and infection? (Red, white, or platelets)
white
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Which of these are thetiny blood vessels are where the exchange of oxygen and nutrients take place for wastes that are taken from the cells? (Veins, capillaries, or arteries)
Capillaries
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What are the tiny blood cells that clot together when a person gets cut? (Red, white, or platelets)
Platelets
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What are the large blood cells that take oxygenated blood from the heart to the body? (Veins, capillaries, or arteries)
Arteries
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What does the anagram SPORT stand for?
Specificity, Progression, Overload, Reversibility, Tedium
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What are the training principles within the principle of Overload?
FIT = Frequency, Intensity, Time
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Name the four phases of training?
1) Warm up 2) Fitness or exercise phase 3) Skills or team play phase 4) Warm down
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How do you calculate your maximum heart rate? (MMR)
220 - Your age
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What percentage of your maximum heart rate (MMR) training zone?
80 - 90%
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What percentage of your maximum heart rate (MMR) is your aerobic zone?
60 - 80%
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To be able to get the full effects of exercise on your body what zone and what is the minimal amount of time you should be training for?
Aerobic zone for at least 15 minutes
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What is blood pressure?
Blood pressure is the force of the circulating blood on the walls of the arteries
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What is lactic acid?
Lactic acid is a mild poison and is a waste product of anaerobic respiration
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What is a training threshold?
A training threshold is the minimum heart rate to be achieved to ensure that fitness improves
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What is repetition maximum?
The maximum weight you are able to lift once
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what is RM short for?
Repetition maximum
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Name the four types of training
1) Continuous training 2) Interval Training 3) Fartlek training 4) Continuous shuttle run (Multistage fitness test) (Bleep test)
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What is aerobic respiration?
respiration in the presence of oxygen
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What is anaerobic respiration?
Respiration in the absence of oxygen
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Show the equation of aerobic respiration
Glucose + Oxygen = Energy + Carbon Dioxide + Water
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Show the equation of anaerobic respiration
Glucose = Energy = Lactic Acid
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What is oxygen debt?
When you effectively owe oxygen to the body
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What happens if you do "pay" the oxygen debt?
You get a build up of lactic acid
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What are involuntary muscles?
Muscles that you do not control intentionally E.g Heart
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What is a prime mover?
A prime mover is the muscle that initially contracts to start a movement, also known as the "agonist"
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What is an Antagonist?
A antagonist is the muscle that relaxes to allow a movement to take place
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Name an agonist and antagonist pair
Bicep and tricep or Hamstring and quadriceps
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What are flexors?
Flexors are muscles that bend a limb at a joint by contracting
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What are extensors?
Extensors are that work with and against the flexors and that straighten a limb at a joint by contracting
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What is an adductor?
An adductor is the muscles that move a limb towards the midline of the body
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What is an abductor?
An abductor is the paired muscle for the adductor, Which move a limb away from the midline of the body
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What blood vessels take deoxygenated blood to the heart and lungs to be oxygenated? (Veins, capillaries, or arteries)

Back

Veins

Card 3

Front

What organ pumps oxygenated blood to the body and deoxygenated blood to the lungs? (Brain, liver, or heart)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the chambers of the heart? (Atria or auricles and ventricles, Veins and arteries, Adenoids and tonsils)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Which of thee is a fluid akin to blood and plasma that contains white blood cells? (Lymph, urine, or saliva)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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