GCSE Music 9-1 - AoS1 Beethoven - Context

Questions on the background and context of Beethoven's time - the Classical and Romantic Eras. (including: the changing musical style, features, structures, instruments and background.)

For GCSE Edexcel Music 9-1. AoS1.

  • Created by: Spikettee
  • Created on: 30-05-18 17:41
When was the Classical Period?
1750-1820, after the Baroque Period
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What Baroque features changed in the Classical Period?
moved away from homophony to a clear melody with fewer ornaments and subtle dynamic changes
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What instrument was introduced in 1700?
pianoforte (piano)
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What Baroque structures became Classical?
solo concerto; trio sonata became Classical sonata; operatic overture became Classical symphony; a new form - sonata form
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Name some typical Classical instruments.
mainly strings, few horns and woodwind. less harpsichord. because the woodwind filled the harmonies
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Why was music written in the Classical era?
for royalty & aristocrats; churches; patrons;and later, public events
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Structures - concerto
soloist + orchestra, 3 movements
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Structures - symphony
full orchestra, 4 movements
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Structures - overture
an intro for an opera or balet, 1 movement
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Structures - suite
accompanying action on stag, could be used in at concerts
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Structures - sonatas
1/2 instruments, 3/4 movements
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In a piece with 4 movements, what would each one be?
1: sonata form, 2:ternary or variation, 3: minuet or scherzo, 4: sonata form, rondo or variation
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What are minuets and scherzos?
Minuet: French dance, 3/4 metre. Scherzo: same, but faster and light-hearted
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What are some musical signposts?
bridge passages, cadences, pedal note, preparation
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What are the features of Classical music?
clear simple structure, one melody, diatonic, obvious regular tempo and rhythm
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When was the Romantic Period?
1820-1900, after the Classical Period
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Name some composers from the Romantic Period
Tchaikovsky, Chopin, Wagner
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What era/period did Beethoven belong in?
He actually bridged the gap between the Classical and Romantic eras
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In the 19th century, how did the piano change again?
metal frame, longer, sustain and soft pedal fuller tone, felt covering - rounded tone
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What are the features of Romantic music?
expressive dynamics&tempo, chromatic, dissonant, rubato, virtuoso, bigger orchestras, folk tunes
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What Baroque features changed in the Classical Period?

Back

moved away from homophony to a clear melody with fewer ornaments and subtle dynamic changes

Card 3

Front

What instrument was introduced in 1700?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What Baroque structures became Classical?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Name some typical Classical instruments.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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