GCSE Edexcel Music 9-1 - AoS1 Beethoven

Questions on Beethoven's Piano Sonata No.8, 'Pathetique', from AoS 1 GCSE Edexcel Music 2018. (including background, dynamics, rhythm, texture, structure, melody, instruments, tonality and harmony.)

  • Created by: Spikettee
  • Created on: 30-05-18 16:58
When was Piano Sonata No.8 (Sonata Pathetique) composed, and by whom?
composed in 1798 by Ludwig van Beethoven
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Where was Beethoven from?
Germany, but lived in Vienna and made a living through patronages, private concerts and sheet music
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What does Beethoven's style include?
drama, intensity, emotion; lots of piano sonatas
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What era is this piece from?
Classical Period, but with Romantic features
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What Romantic features are in this piece?
dissonance, contrast, dynamics, dramatic chords, pitch range, chromatic motion
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What does 'Pathetique' mean?
passionate/emotional and refers to suffering
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DYNAMICS
wide range, sudden contrasts, crescendos and diminuendos, accents
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TEMPO
grave (intro), allegro di molto e con brio (bar 11 onwards)
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METRE
4/4 simple quadruple, but 2/2 in grave section
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RHYTHM
dotted rhythms, synocpation in staccato crotchets, persistant quavers
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TEXTURE - intro
homophonic with dense chords
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TEXTURE - allegro section
melody-dominated homophony, generally thinner
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TEXTURE - 1st and 2nd subjects
1st: broken octaves create murky bass. 2nd: cross-hands (51) & contrary motion (93-98)
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TEXTURE - Alberti bass
in bar 93 - broken chords
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STRUCTURE + TONALITY (a)
INTRO: (1-10) Cminor. EXPOSITION: 1ST: (11) Cm, TRANS: (35) B♭m, 2ND: (51,89) E♭m and major, CODETTA: (121) E♭major
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STRUCTURE + TONALITY (b)
REPEAT. DEVELOPMENT: (133-167) Gm, Em-abrupt-,Dm, Gm
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STRUCTURE + TONALITY (c)
RECAPITUALTION: 1ST: (195) Cm, C, 2ND: (221) Fm-abrupt 4th-, Cm,VARIATIONS: (253), CODA: (295) Cm
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MELODY - general features
short motifs, large pitch range (bar9),ornaments: trill, mordent, acciaccatura
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MELODY - other features
asc. sequence (1-3), desc. chromatic (10), based on asc. Cm scale (1S), balanced phrases (2ND)
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INSTRUMENTATION - exploiting the piano
long rapid descents, wide leaps, different registers, dynamic range, spans 5 octaves
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Why did Beethoven exploit the piano?
the piano was improving to becomebigger, with a sustain pedal and a fuller, rounder tone
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HARMONY
simple Classic harmony, chromatic chords like dim.7th and aug.6th
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HARMONY - cadences
interupted (9); imperfect (2ND) then perfect in the next 4 bars
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HARMONY - cadential 6/4
{Ic-V7-I} Tonic in 2nd inversion, Dom. 7th, Tonic (306-8)
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Card 2

Front

Where was Beethoven from?

Back

Germany, but lived in Vienna and made a living through patronages, private concerts and sheet music

Card 3

Front

What does Beethoven's style include?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What era is this piece from?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What Romantic features are in this piece?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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