GCSE Music 9-1 - AoS1 Bach - Context

Questions on the background and context of Bach's era - the Baroque Period. (including features, structures, melody patterns and ornaments)

  • Created by: Spikettee
  • Created on: 30-05-18 16:26
When was the Baroque Period?
1600 - 1750
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Name some famous Baroque composers.
Bach, Handel, Vivaldi, Purcell
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What are typical Baroque instruments?
strings, harpsichord, organ
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What are typical Baroque melodies like?
many ornaments; use motifs, repetition & sequences; pedals, suspensions
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What is Baroque harmony and texture like?
simple, diatonic and tonal harmony. Texture uses counterpoint, anitphonal, dialoguing
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What are Baroque dynamics and moods like?
terraced dynamics, and the prevalence of one mood/affection
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Structures - concerto grosso
concetino and ripieno, basso continuo and string ochestra (Bach's piece is on of these)
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Structures - binary
AABB - usually for dances, with contrasting sections and some modulation
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Structures - ternary
ABA (or AABBAA) - section As end in tonic pedal, sounding complete, then section B modulates
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Structures - ritornello/rondo
ABACA - a repeated main theme in between contrasting sections
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Structures - prelude
a short intro to a longer piece; often the 1st movement of a suite or fugue
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Structures - theme and variation form
a memorable melody, then a pause, then a unique variation of the melody, then another variation, etc
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Structures - ground bass
continuous variations over a repeated bass line (basso continuo/basso ostinato)
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Structures - dances
for example: the chaconne or the pasacaglia, both slow and stately
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Melody Patterns - inversion
flipping the melody upside down
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Melody Patterns - retrogade
reversing the notes in the melody (back to front)
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Melody Patterns - sequence
repeating a melody at a different pitch
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Melody Patterns - imitation
a slight change
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Melody Patterns - ostinato
repetition, usually in the bass line, whilst other parts change around it
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Ornaments - trill
tr or ~ (rapid repetition of two neighbouring notes)
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Ornaments - appoggiatura
unexpected dissonce, and a resolution on the main note
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Ornaments - mordent
the main note, then the note above/below it, then the main note again; all played quickly
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Ornaments - acciaccatura
a very quick note fitted in just before the main note
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Ornaments - turn
note above, main note, note below, main note; played rapidly
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Name some famous Baroque composers.

Back

Bach, Handel, Vivaldi, Purcell

Card 3

Front

What are typical Baroque instruments?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are typical Baroque melodies like?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is Baroque harmony and texture like?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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