GCSE History - Berlin Blockade and Airlift

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When did the western allies unite their parts of Germany to form a new country: West Germany? (Month and year)
June 1948
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On 23rd June a new currency was created to help trade in West Germany, how did Stalin react to this?
Stalin was angered by the new currency and THE NEXT DAY cut off all rail and road links to West Berlin
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The West believed this was an attempt by the communists to starve West Berlin into surrender. How did the West adapt to the Blockade?
West Berlin was supplied by air
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How many days did the Blockade last for?
It lasted for 318 days
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How frequently did a cargo carrying aeroplane land at Berlin's Templehof airport?
An aeroplane carrying cargo arrived every 3 MINUTES at Templehof airport
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What are the dates of the beginning and end of the Berlin Blockade?
It started on 24th June 1948 (the day after the new currency was introduced) and ended on 12th May 1949
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One of the causes of the Berlin Blockade was the USA offering Marshall Aid to European countries (to help them rebuild after WWII). Did Stalin allow this?
Stalin BANNED all Cominform countries from receiving Marshall Aid
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Results of the Berlin Crisis: Germany became permanently divided into the Federal Republic of (West) Germany and...
The Democratic Republic of (East) Germany
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Results of the Berlin Crisis: The Iron Curtain became...
The Iron Curtain became permanent. Europe was divided
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Results of the Berlin Crisis: The Cold War broke out into OPEN CONFRONTATION and both superpowers began an ____ race
An arms race. The USSR tested their first atomic bomb in 1949. Truman ordered US scientists to work on the development of thermonuclear weapons- more powerful weapons - combining nuclear fission and fusion reactions
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In 1949 NATO was set up, it was a military alliance aimed to resist what country?
NATO was set up to resist the USSR. If one NATO country is attacked it is seen as an attack on all the NATO countries and therefore all must react
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The Berlin Blockade took place 1948 - 1949, when was the Berlin Wall erected?
The Berlin wall was erected in 1961 and brought the literal meaning to the phrase 'The Iron Curtain'
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

On 23rd June a new currency was created to help trade in West Germany, how did Stalin react to this?

Back

Stalin was angered by the new currency and THE NEXT DAY cut off all rail and road links to West Berlin

Card 3

Front

The West believed this was an attempt by the communists to starve West Berlin into surrender. How did the West adapt to the Blockade?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How many days did the Blockade last for?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How frequently did a cargo carrying aeroplane land at Berlin's Templehof airport?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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