GCSE Geography Theme 1

  • Created by: angela
  • Created on: 03-04-18 14:05
Name and describe a distinctive landscape in the UK
Snowdonia - Upland landscape, dominated by mountains, used for tourism, recreation and sheep farming. Ynys Las, Borth, Ceredigion - Sand dune coastal lowland landscape
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What is a distinctive landscape?
A landscape that has a variety of landforms and features that give it a distinctive appearance and make it special or unique. Often National Parks in the UK.
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Name 4 types of distinctive landscapes.
Upland, lowland, coastal and river
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Name four factors that influence landscapes
Geology, vegetation, land use, people and culture
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What factors make Snowdonia's landscape distinctive?
Geology - shaped by volcanic eruptions and glaciation. Land use - National Park, sheep farming, Slate mines, forestry. Vegetation - Diverse, rare species e.g. Snowdon Lily. People - Welsh language, World Heritage sites.
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How are physical landscapes affected by human activity?
Positive - Visitors benefit the economy. Negative - congestion, litter, erosion (trampling)
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Define visitor pressure
The increased impact on the landscape, resources and services due to the number of tourists in an area.
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What is a honeypot site?
A place of special interest that attracts tourists.
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Define carrying capacity
The maximum population size that an environment can sustain.
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What are environmental challenges?
Problems caused by human use of the natural landscape or resources.
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What is a National Park?
An area which is protected because of its beautiful countryside, wildlife and heritage.
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What are the positive impacts of human activity on Snowdonia?
1) Job creation and diversification from farming to tourism 2) Increased rural income 3) Infrastructure improved to benefit tourists and locals.
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What are the negative impacts of human activity in Snowdonia?
1) Congestion on narrow roads 2) Disused slate quarries - scar on landscape 3) Footpath erosion 4) litter and other pollution 5) dilution of local culture and language 6) house prices rise 7) services geared towards tourism
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What is an AONB?
An area of outstanding natural beauty is a part of the countryside designated for conservation due to its natural beauty.
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How can landscapes be managed?
Protect them via National Park or AONB status; educate visitors; control numbers; restrict planning
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How have visitors been managed in Snowdonia?
Designated footpaths that are way marked for visitors. Footpaths are repaired regularly. Information boards at popular locations e.g. Llanberis and Betws-y-Coed. Clearly marked car parks to reduce parking on verges. Strict planning controls.
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Card 2

Front

What is a distinctive landscape?

Back

A landscape that has a variety of landforms and features that give it a distinctive appearance and make it special or unique. Often National Parks in the UK.

Card 3

Front

Name 4 types of distinctive landscapes.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Name four factors that influence landscapes

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What factors make Snowdonia's landscape distinctive?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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