GCSE Geography Case Studies

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  • Created by: keyonteb
  • Created on: 01-05-18 19:51
Primary Effects of Chile Earthquake (27th Feb 2010)
- 500 people killed / - 2,000 injured / - 800,000 people affected / - 220,000 homes, 4500 schools destroyed / - Much of Chile lost power, running water and telecommunications / - Cost US$30 billion
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Responses of Chile Earthquake
- Power and water restored to 90% of homes within 10 days / - Temporary repairs made to Route 5 north-south highway within 24 hours / - National appeal raised US$60 million -- enough to build 30,000 emergency shelters
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Primary Effects of Nepal Earthquake (25th April 2015)
- 900 people killed / - 20,000 injured / - 8 million people affected / - 3 million left homeless / - 7,000 schools destroyed / - 50% of shops destroyed / - 1.4 millions needed food water and shelter / - Cost estimated US$5 billion
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Responses of Nepal Earthquake
- Helicopters rescued people caught in avalances on Mt. Everest / - 1/2 million tents needed to homeless / - Search and Rescue teams (water and medics) from UK, India and China / - Field hospitals set up to support overcrowded hospitals
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Primary Effects of Hurricane Katrina (August 2005)
- More than 1,800 people were killed / - 300,000 houses were destroyed / - Large areas were flooded including 80% of New Orleans / - 3 million people left without electricity / - Some bridges collapsed
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Secondary Effects of Hurricane Katrina (August 2005)
- Hundreds left homeless / - 230,000 jobs lost from damaged businesses / - Total cost of US$150 billion
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Responses of Hurricane Katrina
- 70-80% evacuated / - Rescued over 50,000 people / - US government provided over $16 billion for rebuilding homes etc / - Repaired and improved flood defences for N.O, cost $14.5 billion, completed in 2013
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Causes of Cockermouth Flood (2009)
- Trees cut down for sheep farms -- less interception / - 31cm of rain in 24 hours / - No dredging of the rivers / - River Derwent and River Cocker confluence / - Steep slopes / - Warm air from Atlantic Oceans; relief rainfall
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Flood Management for Cockermouth
- Cost £4.4 million / - HARD: Embankments, flood gates, flood walls, dredging / - SOFT: Planting trees, created meanders
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Effects of Cockermouth Flood
- Cost £100 million / - damage averaged £28,000 per home / - 1300 homes flooded / - evacuation (50 by helicopter) / - one death (PC Bill Barker) / - 4 bridges collapsed, 12 closed / - businesses closed, hurts local economy
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Amazon Rainforest Forest: Causes of Deforestation
- Commercial farming (60-75% cattle ranching) / - Logging (Mahogany tree worth $300, in planks its worth $600) / - Mineral extraction / - Population pressure (moving the poor to the rainforst) / - Subsistence farming
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Negative Impacts of Deforestation
- Pollution of water sources / - Releases CO₂ and trees cannot absorb it / - Medical plants become extinct (25% originates here) / - 55 million tonnes of top soul lost due to soil erosion
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Positive Impacts of Deforestation
- Buenaventura mining company, Peru, employs over 3,100 people / - Wealth to poor countries / - Brazil made $6.9 billion from trading cattle / - Brazil is the world's 2nd biggest importer of soy beans
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Sustainable Management of Tropical Rainforest
- Selective logging / - Ecotourism / - Replanting
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Causes of Desertification
- Overgrazed land / - Soil erosion / - Unproductive land
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Desertification Management
- Stone walls ('Magic Stones' in Burkina Faso), mulch covers the spoil from evap and increases fertility, millet growth, drip irrigation, Acacia tree interception, afforestation
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

- Power and water restored to 90% of homes within 10 days / - Temporary repairs made to Route 5 north-south highway within 24 hours / - National appeal raised US$60 million -- enough to build 30,000 emergency shelters

Back

Responses of Chile Earthquake

Card 3

Front

- 900 people killed / - 20,000 injured / - 8 million people affected / - 3 million left homeless / - 7,000 schools destroyed / - 50% of shops destroyed / - 1.4 millions needed food water and shelter / - Cost estimated US$5 billion

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

- Helicopters rescued people caught in avalances on Mt. Everest / - 1/2 million tents needed to homeless / - Search and Rescue teams (water and medics) from UK, India and China / - Field hospitals set up to support overcrowded hospitals

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

- More than 1,800 people were killed / - 300,000 houses were destroyed / - Large areas were flooded including 80% of New Orleans / - 3 million people left without electricity / - Some bridges collapsed

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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