GCSE Geography Case Studies

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  • Created by: cjbellamy
  • Created on: 31-05-16 15:30
Where is Meadowhall?
Outskirts of Sheffield, M1 J34
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How many people within a 1 hour radius of Meadowhall?
9 million
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How many free car parking spaces at Meadowhall?
12000
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How many shops at Meadowhall?
282
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What transport links make it easy to get to Meadowhall from far away?
Train station, M1
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Meadowhall can be described as what?
A 'whole day leisure experience'
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What is the food court at Meadowhall called?
Oasis food court
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What percentage loss in revenue/customers did Sheffield city centre experience since Meadowhall was built?
25%
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Where was Hurricane Katrina?
New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
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When did Hurricane Katrina hit New Orleans?
29th August 2005
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What were the causes of Hurricane Katrina?
Low pressure system (depression) over Atlantic Ocean, hit Florida then gained speed over Gulf of Mexico before hitting New Orleans
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What category storm was Hurricane Katrina?
Category 5
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How big was the Hurricane Katrina storm surge at New Orleans?
6m
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Where did the levees fail during Hurricane Katrina?
Mississippi River and Lake Ponchartrain
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What percentage of New Orleans was under water as a result of Hurricane Katrina?
80%
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What wind speeds were there during Hurricane Katrina?
174mph
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What was the death toll of Hurricane Katrina?
1836
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What was the cost of Hurricane Katrina?
$150billion
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What happened to the beach as a result of Hurricane Katrina?
Beach erosion
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What happened to the price of future insurance premiums in New Orleans as a result of Hurricane Katrina?
They increased
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How many gallons of oil were spilt as a result of Hurricane Katrina?
7 million
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Why did racial tensions increase as a result of Hurricane Katrina?
Many of the worst hit victims were African American
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How much money was given in aid after Hurricane Katrina?
$62.3 billion
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How many people did the coast guards of New Orleans rescue after Hurricane Katrina?
33500
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Where did people take refuge during Hurricane Katrina?
The Super Dome Stadium
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Evacuation during Hurricane Katrina was slow/fast?
Slow
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Who was left behind during the evacuation of New Orleans during Hurricane Katrina?
The poorest people
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How many countries pledged monetary donations/other assistance to New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina?
Over 70
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Where was the Montserrat Volcanic Eruption?
Soufriere Hills, Montserrat, Caribbean Islands
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When was the major eruption of the Montserrat Volcano?
June 1997
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What were the causes of the Montserrat Volcanic Eruption?
Montserrat lies on a destructive plate boundary between the North American Plate and Caribbean Plate which was subducted beneath the North American Plate
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How much of Montserrat was covered in ash after the volcanic eruption?
2/3
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What was the death toll of the Montserrat eruption?
23
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What percentage of the population were evacuated to the north of the island during the Montserrat Volcanic Eruption?
50%
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The population of Montserrat fell from _____ to ____ as a result of the volcanic eruption
12000, 1500
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Why was the capital of Montserrat, Plymouth, abandoned after the volcanic eruption?
It was buried by lahars
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What links were destroyed as a result of the Montserrat Volcanic Eruption?
Transport links
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How much money was given in aid to Montserrat by the British Government after the volcanic eruption?
£41million
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Why was the MVO (Montserrat Volcano Observatory) set up after the eruption?
To give early warnings of volcanic activity
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How much money were Montserrat residents offered to move to the UK permanently after the volcanic eruption?
£2500
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When was the Ethiopian Drought?
1984
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What were the causes of the Ethiopian drought?
High pressure, dry air sinking, warm air can't rise, no evaporation, no condensation, no rain
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How many people died due to famine caused by the Ethiopian drought?
1 million
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Why did people become weak and vulnerable to diseases such as malaria and diarrhoea because of the Ethiopian drought?
Crops failed, no food
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How many people were starving as a result of the Ethiopian drought?
5.2 million
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What percentage of children were malnourished because of the Ethiopian drought?
50%
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People try to migrate but ___ during the Ethiopian drought
die
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What is the soil erosion/growth of desert that the Ethiopian drought caused known as?
Desertification
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Other countries provided Ethiopia with ___ because of the drought
aid
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Why were walls built across fields in Ethiopia during the drought?
To reduce run-off/prevent water loss
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How did Ethiopia tackle starvation during the drought?
They planted drought-resistant crops
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What 3 ways did Ethiopia store water during the drought?
Micro-dams, building new reservoirs, digging new wells
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Nike is a footloose industry, what does this mean?
They don't own any factories so they are not committed to stay
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Nike employs ______ people in ___ factories in Asia
350000, 150
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What percentage of Nike's workforce is based in Asia?
75%
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What is an example of a location where Nike operates?
Indonesia, Asia
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Nike provides people in LEDCs with more __________
employment
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Nike improves the ______________ of the areas in which it operates
infrastructure
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Nike benefits people in LEDCs because they get _________ of equipment
provision
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Nike operating in LEDCs contributes to what?
The multiplier effect
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Nike provides people in LEDCs with guaranteed _____
wages
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There is more __________ in areas where Nike operates in LEDCs
investment
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Nike's profits are sent where?
Overseas
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Who gets managerial positions at Nike's factories?
foreign people
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Wages are low/high from Nike's factories?
Low
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Where are Nike's important decisions made?
Outside of the country
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No trade unions in LEDCs means there are no _______ ______
workers rights
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Because Nike is a footloose industry, it can leave at any time and leave people __________
unemployed
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Greenwich was once known as what?
The London Docklands
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What led to the decline of The London Docklands?
Technology developments which led to containerisation
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What is the LDDC?
London Docklands Development Corporation
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When did the LDDC begin to regenerate the London Docklands?
1995
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How much money did the LDDC invest to regenerate the London Docklands?
£100million
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The construction of the O2 arena brought new _____________ and people to the area
entertainment
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Greenwich's _________ links were improved
transport
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How did Greenwich encourage 'zero carbon living'?
recycling, living near work, buying from local shops, triple glazed windows, renewable energy, water saving methods
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How many new homes did the redevelopment of Greenwich create?
10000
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How many new jobs did the redevelopment of Greenwich create?
24000
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Where is Dharavi?
outskirts of Mumbai, India
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What is Dharavi?
India's largest slum
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In Dharavi, how many people live within 1 square mile?
1 million
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In Dharavi, there are cramped living __________
conditions
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In Dharavi, approximately how many people share one house?
20
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In Dharavi, how many people share 1 toilet?
500
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There is no drainage system in Dharavi which leads to how many cases of sickness per day?
4000
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Working conditions in Dharavi are ____, there are long _____ and low _____
poor, hours, wages
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How many people in Dharavi search through rubbish tips to find items to sell?
35000
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In Dharavi, the crime rate is low/high?
low
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What types of industry are there in Dharavi?
pottery, fishing, jewellery and clothes making
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What percentage of people in Dharavi are employed?
85%
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The $2million redevelopment plan of Dharavi will leave many people ________
homeless
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How much will the new houses in redeveloped Dharavi cost?
£90,000
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What will happen to the slum in Dharavi if the redevelopment plan goes ahead?
It will most likely move elsewhere
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High rise flats will take away _____ __ _________ and _____ ____ will most likely increase
sense of community, crime rate
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The Glasgow Traffic Scheme was set up because ________ from car fumes caused ___________ problems
pollution, respiratory
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The Glasgow Traffic Scheme was set up to reduce complaints of _______/__________ making people late
traffic/congestion
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The Glasgow Traffic Scheme was set up to reduce the risk of _________
accidents
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The Glasgow Traffic Scheme was set up because emergency services struggled to get through _______
traffic
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In Glasgow, public transport is now __________
intergrated
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In Glasgow, there are now bus stops every ___m
300
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In Glasgow, ____ ___ ____ schemes have been set up
park and ride
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Increase parking prices in Glasgow do what?
Put people off using cars
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How did Glasgow encourage cycling?
Creating a new 100km cycle network
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No lorries are allowed into Glasgow's city centre between when on weekdays?
6am-6pm
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In Glasgow, there is now free parking at _______ stations
railway
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'Bendi-buses' in Glasgow do what?
Allow more passengers
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As a result of the Glasgow Traffic Scheme, pollution in the city centre has increased/decreased?
decreased
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As a result of the Glasgow Traffic Scheme, roads are less/more congested?
less
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As a result of the Glasgow Traffic Scheme, there are ____ accidents on the road
less
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When was the Chinese One Child Policy set up?
1979
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Why was the Chinese One Child Policy set up?
The country suffered from famine
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Before the introduction of the Chinese One Child Policy, China's population was expected to rise by what in the next 100 years?
2 billion
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To be allowed to have a child after the introduction of the Chinese One Child Policy, you had to have what?
The Red Card
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What requirements did you have to meet to receive the Red Card?
be married, be aged 24+, have permission from your boss
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Changes to the Chinese One Child Policy in 1990 meant that...
couples could have two children if they were both only children themselves or their first child was a girl
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What did the Granny Police do in the Chinese One Child Policy?
Check if residents were following the rules of the policy
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The government used __________ to encourage people to follow the Chinese One Child Policy
propaganda
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What is China's rate of population growth now?
0.7%
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As a result of the Chinese One Child Policy, birth rate has now _________
decreased
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As a result of the Chinese One Child Policy, there is a reduced strain on what?
Services such as schools and hospitals
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As a result of the Chinese One Child Policy, standards of living have ________
improved
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As a result of the Chinese One Child Policy, China has become more/less developed?
more
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As a result of the Chinese One Child Policy, there were ______/_______ abortions which were _________ and _________
forced/illegal, dangerous, unsterile
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The Chinese One Child Policy was easy/difficult to control in rural areas?
Difficult
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The Chinese One Child Policy led to what syndrome?
The Little Emperor Syndrome
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The Chinese One Child Policy led to a ______ _________
gender imbalance
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Why did the Chinese One Child Policy lead to female infanticide?
Traditionally, male babies are preferred in China
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What is Mexico's unemployment rate?
32%
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What is America's unemployment rate?
7%
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What is the average salary in Mexico?
$3750
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What is the average salary in America?
$24750
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What is the adult literacy rate in Mexico?
87%
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What is the adult literacy rate in America?
99%
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What is the life expectancy in Mexico?
Males 67, Females 73
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What is the life expectancy in America?
Males 73, Females 80
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Mexico to USA migration provides America with work in what sector?
Low paid
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Legal migrants from Mexico to USA pay _____ which contribute to the _______
taxes, economy
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Mexico to USA migration improves America's ________ _________
cultural diversity
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Illegal immigrants from Mexico to USA don't pay _____
taxes
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Mexico to USA migration means money is sent out/ kept in America
sent out
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Racial tension can be caused as a result of Mexico to USA migration because Mexicans can take ____ away from Americans
jobs
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Mexico's economy is improved because of Mexico to USA migration...
since money is sent home
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Mexican migrants pass on ______ when they return home from America
skills
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Mexico to USA migration causes less pressure on what?
Mexico's services
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Mexico to USA migration leads to loss of skilled workers known as what?
The brain drain
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Mexico to USA migration leads to ________ being split up
families
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Who is left behind in Mexico during Mexico to USA migration?
Young and elderly dependants, women
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When was the Haitian Earthquake?
12th January 2010
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What size was the Haitian Earthquake?
7.0 on Richter scale
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How far from Haiti's capital, Port au Prince, was the epicentre of the Haitian earthquake?
10 miles
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What was the cause of the Haitian earthquake?
It lies on a conservative fault line
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What was the death toll of the Haitian earthquake?
230,000
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How many people were left homeless as a result of the Haitian earthquake?
1.3 million
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How did people feel because of the collapse of the Presidential Palace during the Haitian earthquake?
Leaderless
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The Haitian earthquake caused damage to _______ and _____
airport, ports
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How many businesses were destroyed because of the Haitian earthquake?
30,000
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How much money did the EU give Haiti after the earthquake?
$330 million
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How many people needed tents in refugee camps after the Haitian earthquake?
1.6 million
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After 6 months, how much of the rubble caused by the Haitian earthquake still remained?
98%
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After the Haitian earthquake, because there was no clean water and sewage, what was there an outbreak of?
Cholera
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When was the Japan Tsunami?
11th March 2011
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How big was the Japan Tsunami?
9.0 on Richter scale
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What caused the Japan Tsunami?
It lies on a destructive plate boundary between the Eurasian and Pacific plate. As Pacific plate was subducted beneath the Eurasian plate, tension released creates waves of tsunami as Eurasian plate forced upward, water in Pacific Ocean is displaced
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How many people were dead or missing after the Japan Tsunami?
15000
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How many people were living in government shelters after the Japan Tsunami?
215,000
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How many homes did the Japan Tsunami destroy?
50,000
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What was the cost of the Japan Tsunami?
$15 billion
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How many people suffered radiation from the Fukishima explosion that occurred because of the Japan Tsunami?
3
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How many people took part in the Japan Tsunami disaster relief mission?
100,000
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How many emergency service teams were mobilised after the Japan Tsunami?
230
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What was set up around the Fukishima power plant after the Japan Tsunami?
Exclusion zones
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What did NGOs send to Japan after the Japan Tsunami?
Disaster relief boxes
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As a result of the Japan Tsunami, all new buildings were constructed to be able to withstand what?
Seismic activity
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As a result of the Japan Tsunami, what sea defences were built?
Sea walls and tsunami flood gates
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How are people in Japan now warned if a foreshock is noticed?
Messages are sent via television and text message
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Where is Water Aid?
Mali, North West Africa
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When did Water Aid in Mali begin?
1981
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Why was Water Aid in Mali set up?
It is one of the world's poorest nations and 65% of the country is desert
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How does Water Aid provide clean water?
They introduce rope pump wells into communities
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How does Water Aid improve sanitation?
They provide toilets where waste is collected and turned into fertiliser
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How does Water Aid educate people on hygiene?
Use appropriate technology (picture cards instead of writing as Mali has low adult literacy rate)
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How does Water Aid help Mali to develop?
Improved health > go to work/school > earn money > pay taxes > contribute to economy > country develops
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Water Aid has reduced the death rate in Mali by what percentage?
65%
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As a result of Water Aid in Mali, less children die from what?
Diseases associated with lack of water
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When was the Australian Drought?
2005-2006
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What caused the Australian drought?
El Nino - the reverse of normal trade wind directions between South America and Australia, causes reverse of normal rainfall patterns. Occurs every 3-7 years
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Crops failing as a result of the Australian drought led to what for farmers?
A loss of income
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As a result of the Australian drought, what were farmers forced to do?
Sell land and move or get into debt
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Soil erosion caused by the Australian drought led to a loss of __________
vegetation
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____ _____ broke out due to the Australian drought
Bush fires
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Because farmers couldn't grow crops in Australia, there was an increased reliance on ____ _______ and and increase/decrease in food prices?
food imports, increase
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In response to the Australian drought, there was ______ _________ on how to save water
public awareness
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In response to the Australian drought, new ____ and __________ were built
dams, reservoirs
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In response to the Australian drought, there was improved ___________
forecasting
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Why were people only allowed to wash their car after 4pm during the Australian drought?
Reduced evaporation as sun is not at its hottest
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In response to the Australian drought, there were ____ ____ ____
hose pipe bans
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Increased water bills during the Australian drought encouraged people to do what?
Save water
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Where is Mount St. Helens?
Cascade Mountain Range, Washington State, USA
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When was the Mount St. Helens eruption?
18th May 1980
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What was the cause of the Mount St. Helens eruption?
It lies on a destructive plate boundary between Pacific plate and North American Plate (Pacific subducted beneath North American)
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What was the death toll of the Mount St. Helens eruption?
57
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What was the cost of the Mount St. Helens eruption?
$1.1billion
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The main vent of Mount St. Helens was blocked which led to a _______ ________
lateral eruption
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How many trees were destroyed due to the Mount St. Helens eruption?
200 mile radius
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How many cabins and houses were destroyed due to the Mount St. Helens eruption?
200
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Why didn't the hazard mapping of the Mount St. Helens eruption work?
The lateral eruption was not predicted
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What rescued people during the Mount St. Helens eruption?
Rescue helicopters
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What is the M4 Corridor?
Motorway which runs from Wales to London, hosts lots of quaternary industries such as Imperial Park
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What transport links make the M4 Corridor a good location for industry?
major railway lines, close to Heathrow airport, close to major motorway
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Good transport links allow industries along the M4 Corridor access to what?
transportation of goods and workforce
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The M4 Corridor provides access to __________ ______ from London
government grants
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The M4 Corridor is close to ___ ____________ which means there is access to an ________ _________
top universities, educated workforce
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There is lots of _____ to build/expand along the M4 Corridor
space
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Where did Cyclone Nargis hit?
Myanmar (Burma), Asia
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When did Cyclone Nargis hit?
2nd May 2008
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What was the cause of Cyclone Nargis?
Developed from low pressure system (depression) over the Bay of Bengal, hit Irrawaddy Delta before travelling inland
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What category storm was Cyclone Nargis?
Category 4
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What was the size of the Cyclone Nargis storm surge?
3.7m
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What percentage of the country's rice fields did the Cyclone Nargis storm surge flood?
65%
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What worsened the flooding caused by the Cyclone Nargis storm surge?
The destruction of the mangroves on the Irrawaddy Delta which acted as a natural sea defence. The country is also low lying.
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What were the wind speeds of Cyclone Nargis?
133mph
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What was the death toll of Cyclone Nargis?
125,000
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What was the cost of Cyclone Nargis?
$10billion
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How many people were left homeless because of Cyclone Nargis?
1.5 million
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Why was there a delayed response to Cyclone Nargis?
The military government is suspicious of the outside world
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How much money did the UK give to Myanmar in aid after Cyclone Nargis?
€17 million
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How did other countries help after Cyclone Nargis?
They sent experts to Myanmar to help co-ordinate the relief effort.
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Card 2

Front

How many people within a 1 hour radius of Meadowhall?

Back

9 million

Card 3

Front

How many free car parking spaces at Meadowhall?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How many shops at Meadowhall?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What transport links make it easy to get to Meadowhall from far away?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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