Gardner & Gardner- Procedures

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What was Gardner's research method?
A case study
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What did Gardner's sample consist of?
Opportunist sample, consisting of just one female chimpanzee caught in the wild in Africa, taken to the US Air Force & then adopted at about 8-14 months of age & brought to Washoe County.
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What kind of child was Washoe treated like?
Washoe was placed in a human environment similar to a deaf child.
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What kind of language was Washoe taught?
ASL (as it built on her hand gestures)
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What was her relationship with humans and how did they act around her?
Wahsoe was enabled to build up close relationship with humans, all who used ASL as well- there was always a human with her whilst she was awake. No-one spoke around her.
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What was used to encourage Washoe to interact with humans?
Games, play, fun ect
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How was Washoe's learning monitored?
Washoe's learned signs were recorded at different ages ie. signs used correctly and spontaneously on 15 consecutive days, confirmed by 3 observers.
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What were some training methods used to teach Washoe ASL?
1) Imitation(getting her to copy a sign ie.dog) 2)Babbling(when she vaguely signed somethig it was signed back to her correctly) 3)Operant conditioning(tickling her as a reward) 4)Direct tuition(forming her hands into the right position to make sign)
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How did the Gardners address some ethical issues?
By ensuring Washoe was cared for and encouraged in the way a young child would be.
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Card 2

Front

What did Gardner's sample consist of?

Back

Opportunist sample, consisting of just one female chimpanzee caught in the wild in Africa, taken to the US Air Force & then adopted at about 8-14 months of age & brought to Washoe County.

Card 3

Front

What kind of child was Washoe treated like?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What kind of language was Washoe taught?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was her relationship with humans and how did they act around her?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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