Gardner and Gardner- findings and conclusions

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After 7 months how many signs did Washoe know?
4
1 of 15
After 14 months?
13 signs
2 of 15
After 21 months?
30 signs
3 of 15
What was the first sign Washoe learnt?
Come-gimme
4 of 15
What did she learn and in what order?
More, up, sweet, open and tickle
5 of 15
What was the first way Washoe learnt language?
Differentiation
6 of 15
What did this entail?
Discrimination between two signs eg: flower from smell
7 of 15
What was the second way?
Transfer
8 of 15
What did this entail?
generalising from one particular object to a general class of objects
9 of 15
For example?
Using the sign flower and the sign keys for a variety of keys
10 of 15
What was the last way she obtained language?
Combinations
11 of 15
What was this?
Once she learned about 8 signs she combined them to make phrases
12 of 15
What is the first conclusion?
It is possible to teach a chimpanzee ALS
13 of 15
What was their second conclusion?
It is difficult to say whether washoe required language as it went against spirit of research
14 of 15
What was the final conclusion?
Washoes ability to transfer signs meant that they could accomplish more with further phrases
15 of 15

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

After 14 months?

Back

13 signs

Card 3

Front

After 21 months?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the first sign Washoe learnt?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did she learn and in what order?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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