Gardner and Gardner Findings and Conclusions

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After 7 months how many signs did Washoe know?
4 signs
1 of 10
After 14 months how many Signs did Washoe know?
13 signs
2 of 10
After 21 months how many signs did Washoe know?
30 signs
3 of 10
What was the first sign Washoe learned?
Come-gimmie
4 of 10
What was the next 5 signs Washoe learned? (must be in order)
more, up, sweet, open and tickle.
5 of 10
Name 3 ways in which Washoe acquired language
Differentiation- discrimination between 2 signs e.g distinguishing "flower" from "smell" and used in correct context, Transfer- generalising from one object to the class of objects e.g "flower" for different flowers and
6 of 10
Name 3 ways in which Washoe acquired language (cont)
Combinations- once Wshoe had 8 signs she combined them to make phrases, e.g "go sweet" to go the the raspberry bush or "listen dog" (at the sound of a barking dog)
7 of 10
What did they conclude about teaching a Chimpanzee ASL?
That it was possible
8 of 10
Where they able to say that Washoe had aquired language?
No, as it went against the spirit of the research and it is difficult to tell if Washoe truly understood what the signs meant
9 of 10
What did Washoe's ability to learn signs suggest?
That more could be accomplished with further stages of the research by testing the reliability of the results by using another Chimpanzee- They did do this later with Dar and several other Chimps
10 of 10

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

After 14 months how many Signs did Washoe know?

Back

13 signs

Card 3

Front

After 21 months how many signs did Washoe know?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the first sign Washoe learned?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the next 5 signs Washoe learned? (must be in order)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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