Gardner and Gardner

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What is the first piece of evidence to support Gardner and Gardner?
Premack
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What was the name of the chimp in Premack's study?
Sarah
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What could sarah do?
use and string together 130 words eg. sarah+give+apple+Mary using coloured shapes for words
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How does Premack's study support G and G?
Sarah and Washoe appeared to be able to use human words to communicate.
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How was Washoe like Sarah?
she learned lots of words later in life(250) and was able to string them together in short sentences
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What could Kanzi do?
the same with the use of a lexigram
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How was G and G an improvement on Premack's study?
used ALS which is used by real humans therefore stronger in validity
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What evidence challenges Gardner and Gardner study?
Terrace
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How did he argue against the study?
After training his chimp Nim Chimpsky with ALS he argued that Washoe and Nim were not using human language
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What was evidence of this?
close analysis of films of Washoe and Nim, it lead to the finding that they were just imitating their trainers.
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How could you argue it is impossible to compare the findings of the case studies?
they had such wide indivual differences
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What other study was a challenge?
Noam Chomsky
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What did he argue?
humans can use language as they have a unique part of their brain called a 'language acquisition device'
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How does this reject what washoe can do?
Chimps dont have a LAD therefore they cant make sentences or use language.
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For example?
Washoe's signs 'washoe tickle meant tickle washoe
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How does this evidence reject gardners' claim that chimps can use language?
Their conclusions were 'wishful thinking'
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What was wrong with chomsky's research?
It was all theoretical, based on a theory
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the name of the chimp in Premack's study?

Back

Sarah

Card 3

Front

What could sarah do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How does Premack's study support G and G?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How was Washoe like Sarah?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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