Gamelan

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  • Created by: beccap1
  • Created on: 18-02-14 18:17
What are the main instruments in Gamelan music?
Gongs, metallophones and drums
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Where did Gamelan music originate?
Java and Bali in Indonesia
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What is it played by?
A gamelan, a kind of persussion orchestra
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How many instruments are there in a Balinese Gamelan?
4 to 40
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How many instruments are there in a Gamelan from Java?
15 to 20
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How to players learn their parts?
By listening, watching and copying their teacher
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Which parts do the players learn?
All of them so they understand how the parts fit togethr
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What is the five-note scale called?
Slendro, the notes are split evenly throughout an octave, roughly equivalent to a pentatonic scale
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What is the seven note scale called?
Pelog
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What is the main tune called?
The Balungan or Pokok
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What is the tune played by?
The metallophone. for example the saron
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What plays variations on the main tune?
Higher-pitched sarons, often doubling up notes
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What plays the main tune?
The middle-pitched sarong
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What plays bits of the tune?
The lower-pitched instruments, often missing out the last beat of the bar
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What embellishes the tune?
The other instruments by adding extra notes to make it sound more impressive
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What is the gender?
An instrument with narrow keys made of bronze with bamboo pipes underneath
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What are bonangs?
A family of instruments with two rows of gongs resting on s wooden frame
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What are gambangs?
Xylophones with wooden bars
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What is a celempung?
A plucked string instrument, like a mini-harp
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What is a rebab?
A two stringed fiddle
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What is a suling?
A bamboo wind instrument, like a flute but you blow through the end not over the side
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What marks the rhythm?
Gongs
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What is the rhythmic cycle called?
The gongan
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What plays on the last beat of the bar?
The gong ageng, the biggest hanging gong
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What are the smaller sections marked by?
The kempul(medium hanging gongs) and the kenong and ketug which rest horizontally
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What is a bar called? How many beats are there per bar?
A keteg has 4 beats per bar
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What do drummers do?
Keep the tempo and cue in the other players
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What is the bigger drum called?
The kendang gending
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What is the smaller one called?
The ketipung
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What other percussion is there
Wood blocks, metal plates and small cymbals
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Java and Bali in Indonesia

Back

Where did Gamelan music originate?

Card 3

Front

A gamelan, a kind of persussion orchestra

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

4 to 40

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

15 to 20

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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