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Define a correlation
looking at 2 variables to see if there is a relationship between them
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define a self report
asking participants questions so they can give their thoughts, opinions and reasons
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define an experiment
where the iv is manipulated in order to measure the dv. they try to infer cause and effect between the 2 variables
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define an observation
data is collected through observing or watching participants in their natural environment
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what are the 7 ethical guidelines
protection of participants privacy, prevention of harm (psych/phys), confidentiality, right to withdraw, consent, deception, debriefing
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define determinism
one factor determines something else e.g. the relationship a girl has with her father determines her future relationship with men
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define free will
we have the ability to choose any behaviour or direction without the forces of fate or predestination etc.
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Define the nature nurture debate
nature- traits and qualities a person has come from their genes etc. nurture- characteristics are learnt after we are born and events shape a person
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define ethnocentrism
belief that your group or society is better/ superior to all others
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define the idea of psychology as a science
psychologists believe psychology is a science and embedded in scientific research. BUT scientists believe qualitative/ non provable research/ theories reduce the label of psych as science
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what is a longitudinal study
a study done over a long period of time years or months to see development over time
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what is a snapshot study?
a study done over a shot period of time a few hours days or a week
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what is reductionism and an example
when complex forms of behaviour are explained in terms of a simple principle e.g. explaining a murderer's crime due to the structure of his brain
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what is an assumption of the physiological approach?
all that is psychological is first physiological. the mind is in the brain so any behaviour, thoughts and feelings can be explained through biology
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what us an assumption of the social approach?
a major influence on peoples behaviour thought processes and emotions are other people and the society we have created
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what is an assumption of the behaviourist perspective?
that the majority of behaviour is learnt from the environment after birth
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what is an assumption of the psychodynamic perspective?
human development is a dynamic process- it is driven and motivated by certain forces
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what is an assumption of the developmental approach?
all behaviour in adulthood is affected by childhood experiences
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what is an assumption of the individual differences approach?
focuses on the unique characteristics of the individual
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what is an assumption of the cognitive approach?
the mind works similarly to a computer, inputting storing and retrieving data
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define a self report

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asking participants questions so they can give their thoughts, opinions and reasons

Card 3

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define an experiment

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Card 4

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define an observation

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Card 5

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what are the 7 ethical guidelines

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