1. What were the key factors of the chronic offenders identified in Farrington's study?
- Impulsive and daring personality, growing up with a young mother, close family members already convicted of crimes
- Naturally sensitive and irritable, growing up with an over-achieving sibling, peer pressure
- Inadequate social skills, jealousy of others, growing up with body confidence issues
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2. 3 factors explaining offending behaviour in Wikstrom & Tafel's study?
- Propensity induced, lifestyle dependent, situationally limited
- Personality inspired, lifestyle predicted, environmentally trappe
- Independently affected, family orientated, peer pressured
3. Wikstrom & Tafel's study focus?
- Cognition - Criminal thinking patterns
- Upbringing - Poverty and disdavantaged neighbourhoods
- Cognition - Disrupted Families
- Upbringing - Learning from others
4. Original sample of Farrington's study?
- 500 females, aged 11/12 at start of study, attending school in Northern Ireland
- 411 males, aged 8/9 at start of study, attending school in East London
- 220 males, aged 5/6 at start of study, attending school in Scotland
- 124 females, aged 15/16 at start of study, attending school in California
5. Data collection method in Wikstrom & Tafel's study?
- Interviews and official records
- Likert rating scales
- Structured observations
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