1. Percentage of males and females that had committed a crime in Wikstrom & Tafel's study?
- 45% males, 31% females
- 50% males, 38% females
- 20% males, 14% females
- 73% males, 59% females
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2. 3 factors explaining offending behaviour in Wikstrom & Tafel's study?
- Independently affected, family orientated, peer pressured
- Propensity induced, lifestyle dependent, situationally limited
- Personality inspired, lifestyle predicted, environmentally trappe
3. Sample size in Wikstrom & Tafel's study?
4. What were the key factors of the chronic offenders identified in Farrington's study?
- Inadequate social skills, jealousy of others, growing up with body confidence issues
- Impulsive and daring personality, growing up with a young mother, close family members already convicted of crimes
- Naturally sensitive and irritable, growing up with an over-achieving sibling, peer pressure
5. What was the age peak for 11 in every 100 participants to offend in Farrington's study?
- aged 17
- aged 23
- aged 13
- aged 21
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