G543 Forensic studies - Farrington and Wikstrom

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1. What were the key factors of the chronic offenders identified in Farrington's study?

  • Impulsive and daring personality, growing up with a young mother, close family members already convicted of crimes
  • Naturally sensitive and irritable, growing up with an over-achieving sibling, peer pressure
  • Inadequate social skills, jealousy of others, growing up with body confidence issues
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2. 3 factors explaining offending behaviour in Wikstrom & Tafel's study?

  • Propensity induced, lifestyle dependent, situationally limited
  • Personality inspired, lifestyle predicted, environmentally trappe
  • Independently affected, family orientated, peer pressured

3. Wikstrom & Tafel's study focus?

  • Cognition - Criminal thinking patterns
  • Upbringing - Poverty and disdavantaged neighbourhoods
  • Cognition - Disrupted Families
  • Upbringing - Learning from others

4. Original sample of Farrington's study?

  • 500 females, aged 11/12 at start of study, attending school in Northern Ireland
  • 411 males, aged 8/9 at start of study, attending school in East London
  • 220 males, aged 5/6 at start of study, attending school in Scotland
  • 124 females, aged 15/16 at start of study, attending school in California

5. Data collection method in Wikstrom & Tafel's study?

  • Interviews and official records
  • Likert rating scales
  • Questionnaires
  • Structured observations


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