Functions of crime

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Other sociologists have developed Durkheim's idea that...
...deviance can have positive functions
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Who argue that prostitution acts as a 'safety valve' for the release of men's sexual frustration without threatening the monogomous nuclear family?
Davis
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What does Cohen identify as a positive function of crime?
Crime can be a warning that an institution is not functioning properly
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For example:
High truancy rates tell us that there are problems within the education system and policy-makers need to make the necessary changes.
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Functionalists have also developed on Durkheim's idea that...
... crime is normal and inevitable
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What did Erikson argue?
If deviance performs positive social functions, society may actually be organised to promote deviance
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Erikson argues that the true function of social control agencies (such as the police) is...
...to sustain a cetain level of crime rather than to rid society of it.
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Instead of seeking to eliminate deviance entirely...
...some societies also manage and regulate it
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What evidence is there for this?
There is often some form of license for misbehaviour that in other contexts would be punished.
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Examples for this are:
Demonstrations/carnivals/festivals
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How does this relate to the saying that youth should be allowed to "sow their wild oats."?
This can perform a function of regulating deviance from a functionalist perspective as this means that they will have 'got it out of their system,' and be less likely to commit serious offences when they are older.
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Who argue that prostitution acts as a 'safety valve' for the release of men's sexual frustration without threatening the monogomous nuclear family?

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Davis

Card 3

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What does Cohen identify as a positive function of crime?

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Card 4

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For example:

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Card 5

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Functionalists have also developed on Durkheim's idea that...

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