Functionalist Theories of C&D

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Durkheim
Crime is a normal and integral part of all healthy societies, a little bit of crime helps to reaffirm positive values
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Merton
Crime happens when there is a 'strain' between peoples goals and their means to achieve them.
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Merton's Responses
Conformity, Innovation, Ritualism, Retreatism and Rebellion
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Albert Cohen
Young boys labelled as failures by society so suffer from status frustration, joining a gang resolves these feelings as they have an alternative value system
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Cloward & Ohlin
Crime depends on opportunities, three different response: criminal subculture, conflict subculture and retreatist subculture.
5 of 5

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Crime happens when there is a 'strain' between peoples goals and their means to achieve them.

Back

Merton

Card 3

Front

Conformity, Innovation, Ritualism, Retreatism and Rebellion

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Young boys labelled as failures by society so suffer from status frustration, joining a gang resolves these feelings as they have an alternative value system

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Crime depends on opportunities, three different response: criminal subculture, conflict subculture and retreatist subculture.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5

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