Functionalist Explanations - Crime & Deviance

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1. What is safety valve?

  • Deviant acts can release pressure (eg prostitution releases men's pressure without threatneing the family as an insitution)
  • The media that crime atttracts publicly re-affirms the values of society
  • Any sympathy that crime attracts can prove social change in values and lead to changes in the law
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2. What is re-affirming the boundaries?

  • When horrible crimes have taken place, the community strengthens and feels a sense of belonging
  • The media that crime atttracts publicly re-affirms the values of society
  • Any sympathy that crime attracts can prove social change in values and lead to changes in the law

3. What is the evalutaion of Hirschi?

  • Assumes shared values, fails to explain role of subcultures in crime, Fails to acknowledge victims of crime, accepts official stastics as valid, fails to explore moivations of deviant acts
  • Assumes shared values, someimes social bons lead to deviance (peer groups or subcultures)
  • someimes social bons lead to deviance (peer groups or subcultures), ignores shared values

4. How are these bonds taught?

  • Through socialisation
  • By agents of formal socail control
  • By By secondary socialisation only

5. What type of theory is Functionalism?

  • Strucuturalist theory
  • Social Action theory
  • Interactionalist

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