Functionalist Explanations - Crime & Deviance

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1. What are the four crucial bonds in Hirschi's theory?

  • Attachment, Commitment, Social cohesion, Safety valve
  • Attachment (care about other opinons), Commitment (personal investments you will lose), Involvement (Time and space for deviant behaviour), Belief (How strong your sense is to obey the rules of society)
  • Re-affirming the boundaries, Changing values, Social cohesion, Safety valve
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2. What are the criticisms of Durkheim?

  • Assumes official stastics arent valid, fails to explain role of subcultures in crime, Fails to acknowledge victims of crime,
  • Assumes shared values, fails to explain role of subcultures in crime, Fails to acknowledge victims of crime, accepts official stastics as valid, fails to explore moivations of deviant acts
  • Assumes shared values, sometimes social bonds lead to crime, fails to explain motivation behind criminal acts

3. Which Functionalist is prominent in relation to crime and deviance?

  • Durkheim
  • Parsons
  • Hirschi

4. What is Hirschi's theory on crime?

  • The more attached you are the less you commit crime Crimnal activity occurs when people's attachment to society is weakened in some way. This depends on the strength of social bonds which hold people to society
  • Deviant activity occurs when people's attachment to society is weakened in some way. This depends on the strength of social bonds which hold people to society
  • Criminal activity occurs when people's attachment to society is strengthened in some way. This depends on the strength of social bonds which hold people to society

5. What is changning values?

  • Deviant acts can release pressure (eg prostitution releases men's pressure without threatneing the family as an insitution)
  • Any sympathy that crime attracts can prove social change in values and lead to changes in the law
  • The media that crime atttracts publicly re-affirms the values of society

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