Functionalist Explanations - Crime & Deviance

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1. How are these bonds taught?

  • Through socialisation
  • By agents of formal socail control
  • By By secondary socialisation only
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2. What is Hirschi's theory on crime?

  • Criminal activity occurs when people's attachment to society is strengthened in some way. This depends on the strength of social bonds which hold people to society
  • The more attached you are the less you commit crime Crimnal activity occurs when people's attachment to society is weakened in some way. This depends on the strength of social bonds which hold people to society
  • Deviant activity occurs when people's attachment to society is weakened in some way. This depends on the strength of social bonds which hold people to society

3. What are the four crucial bonds in Hirschi's theory?

  • Attachment, Commitment, Social cohesion, Safety valve
  • Attachment (care about other opinons), Commitment (personal investments you will lose), Involvement (Time and space for deviant behaviour), Belief (How strong your sense is to obey the rules of society)
  • Re-affirming the boundaries, Changing values, Social cohesion, Safety valve

4. Who later adapted and developed anomie?

  • Marx
  • Merton
  • Hirschi

5. What are the criticisms of Durkheim?

  • Assumes shared values, fails to explain role of subcultures in crime, Fails to acknowledge victims of crime, accepts official stastics as valid, fails to explore moivations of deviant acts
  • Assumes shared values, sometimes social bonds lead to crime, fails to explain motivation behind criminal acts
  • Assumes official stastics arent valid, fails to explain role of subcultures in crime, Fails to acknowledge victims of crime,

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