Functionalist Explanations - Crime & Deviance

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1. What is an extra positive function of crime in society?

  • It provides employment in society - lawyers, police, etc
  • It re-affirms the boundaries of what's acceptable in society
  • Allows changing values to appear and influence the law
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2. What is the evalutaion of Hirschi?

  • Assumes shared values, someimes social bons lead to deviance (peer groups or subcultures)
  • someimes social bons lead to deviance (peer groups or subcultures), ignores shared values
  • Assumes shared values, fails to explain role of subcultures in crime, Fails to acknowledge victims of crime, accepts official stastics as valid, fails to explore moivations of deviant acts

3. What is Hirschi's theory on crime?

  • The more attached you are the less you commit crime Crimnal activity occurs when people's attachment to society is weakened in some way. This depends on the strength of social bonds which hold people to society
  • Deviant activity occurs when people's attachment to society is weakened in some way. This depends on the strength of social bonds which hold people to society
  • Criminal activity occurs when people's attachment to society is strengthened in some way. This depends on the strength of social bonds which hold people to society

4. What were Durkheim's four positive aspects of crime?

  • Re-affirming the boundaries, Changing values, Social cohesion, Safety valve
  • Changing the boundaries, Keeping the same values, Social cohesion, Safety valve
  • Attachment, Commitment, Involvement, Belief

5. What is changning values?

  • Deviant acts can release pressure (eg prostitution releases men's pressure without threatneing the family as an insitution)
  • Any sympathy that crime attracts can prove social change in values and lead to changes in the law
  • The media that crime atttracts publicly re-affirms the values of society

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