Functionalist Explanations - Crime & Deviance

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1. What are the criticisms of Durkheim?

  • Assumes official stastics arent valid, fails to explain role of subcultures in crime, Fails to acknowledge victims of crime,
  • Assumes shared values, fails to explain role of subcultures in crime, Fails to acknowledge victims of crime, accepts official stastics as valid, fails to explore moivations of deviant acts
  • Assumes shared values, sometimes social bonds lead to crime, fails to explain motivation behind criminal acts
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2. What was the positive side of crime (Durkheim)?

  • The more attached you are the less you commit crime - only those not needed will commit it
  • Helps society change and remain dynamic, builds collective conscience
  • Too much crime leads to social disruption, anomie

3. What is changning values?

  • Deviant acts can release pressure (eg prostitution releases men's pressure without threatneing the family as an insitution)
  • Any sympathy that crime attracts can prove social change in values and lead to changes in the law
  • The media that crime atttracts publicly re-affirms the values of society

4. Who later adapted and developed anomie?

  • Marx
  • Merton
  • Hirschi

5. What is Hirschi's theory on crime?

  • The more attached you are the less you commit crime Crimnal activity occurs when people's attachment to society is weakened in some way. This depends on the strength of social bonds which hold people to society
  • Deviant activity occurs when people's attachment to society is weakened in some way. This depends on the strength of social bonds which hold people to society
  • Criminal activity occurs when people's attachment to society is strengthened in some way. This depends on the strength of social bonds which hold people to society

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