Functionalist Explanations - Crime & Deviance

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1. What are the criticisms of Durkheim?

  • Assumes official stastics arent valid, fails to explain role of subcultures in crime, Fails to acknowledge victims of crime,
  • Assumes shared values, fails to explain role of subcultures in crime, Fails to acknowledge victims of crime, accepts official stastics as valid, fails to explore moivations of deviant acts
  • Assumes shared values, sometimes social bonds lead to crime, fails to explain motivation behind criminal acts
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2. What type of theory is Functionalism?

  • Interactionalist
  • Strucuturalist theory
  • Social Action theory

3. What is anomie and who said it?

  • Durkheim - In peroids of great social change or stress when the collective conscience is weakened people are selfish (anomie)
  • Durkheim - In peroids of great social change or stress when the collective conscience is strengthened people are selfish (anomie)
  • Hirschi - In peroids of great social change or stress when the collective conscience is weakened people are selfish (anomie)

4. How are these bonds taught?

  • By By secondary socialisation only
  • Through socialisation
  • By agents of formal socail control

5. Who later adapted and developed anomie?

  • Marx
  • Merton
  • Hirschi

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