Functionalism and Subcultural Functionalism

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Durkheim
Anomie: explains crime as a result of individuals being insufficiently integrated into society's norms and values (normlessness)
1 of 10
Criticism of Durkheim
Marxists argue he underestimates level of conflict and inequality in society
2 of 10
Merton
Strain Theory: people share goals of society but not all have the means of achieving them legally so turn to crime. (blocked opportunities)
3 of 10
Criticism of Merton
Taylor accuses Merton of ignoring crimes of powerful and exaggerating working class crime
4 of 10
Hirschi
Bonds of attatchment: There are 4 reasons why people feel part of society that ensures they do not commit crime. Attatchment/Commitment/Involvement/Belief
5 of 10
Cohen
Deliquent subcultures form because of status frustration
6 of 10
Criticism of Cohen
Willis found that working class youths do not have the same definition of status as middle class boys
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Miller
Focal concerns: trouble, toughness, excitement, smartness, fate, autonomy. Linked to juvenile deliquency and macho lower class culture
8 of 10
Criticism of Miller
Box claimed there is no evidence of this theory linking to the lower class
9 of 10
Cloward and Ohlin
Illegitimate opportunity structures: agreed with Merton. People commit crime to acheive
10 of 10

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Card 2

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Criticism of Durkheim

Back

Marxists argue he underestimates level of conflict and inequality in society

Card 3

Front

Merton

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Criticism of Merton

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Hirschi

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