Functionalism and Punishment

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  • Created by: Megan
  • Created on: 04-05-15 17:32
What does Durkheim argue the function of punishment is?
To uphold social solidarity and reinforce shared values.
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How is punishment primarily expressive?
It expresses society's emotions of moral outrage at the offence. Through rituals of order, such as public trial and punishment, society's shared values are reaffirmed and its members come to feel a sense of moral unity
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What are DURKHEIMS two types of justice ?
1) Retributive justice 2)Restitutive justice
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What is Retributive justice? What type of society does it correspond to?
Traditional society. There is a strong collective conscience, which, when offended, responds with vengeful passion to repress the wrongdoer. Punishment is severe and cruel
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What is Restitutive justice? What type of society does it correspond to?
Modern society. Solidarity is based on interdependence between individuals. Crime damages the interdependence, so it is neccessary to repair the damage through compensation. It aims to restore things to how they were before the offence.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How is punishment primarily expressive?

Back

It expresses society's emotions of moral outrage at the offence. Through rituals of order, such as public trial and punishment, society's shared values are reaffirmed and its members come to feel a sense of moral unity

Card 3

Front

What are DURKHEIMS two types of justice ?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is Retributive justice? What type of society does it correspond to?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is Restitutive justice? What type of society does it correspond to?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5

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