What type of theory is Functionalism?
Macro, structuralist and consensus.
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What is the functionalist view of education?
That it is a positive institution.
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What are the three things Functionalists say education does?
Secondary socialisation, Role allocation, Skills training (meeting the needs of the workplace).
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What is secondary socialisation?
When a child is taught societies values and norms by the education system.
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What does secondary socialisation do?
Creates a value consensus. This is when values and norms are taught that we all agree are correct.
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How would Marxists and Feminists criticise the value consensus?
Education does not teach societies values but ruling class and patriarchal values.
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What did Durkheim say about secondary socialisation in education?
He believes it allows an individual to feel part of a wider society. This is called social solidarity. This can be completed through the teaching of a country's history and culture.
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How can social solidarity be criticised?
Not all students feel a part of the "wider society". Many don't feel included in the education system and many do not behave according to the norms.
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What does Parsons say about secondary socialisation and education?
He says that education acts as a bridge between the family and wider society. Education and wider society follow universalistic standards (all follow the same rules) but family teaches particularistic standards (rules specific to each child).
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What is the job of selection and role allocation?
To match the correct jobs to a persons abilities.
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What is Parson's theory for selection and role allocation?
The theory of meritocracy. This is when individuals are judged and selected on intellectual ability, not family background (such as gender, class or ethnicity).
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According to Functionalists, why do some perform better than others?
Due to "natural" differences. They believe education is based on equal opportunity. Hence, if you do well, you get a good job.
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How would Marxists and Feminists criticise the theory of meritocracy?
They would say meritocracy is a myth and there is no equality. Marxists would say the middle class are treated better and feminists would say men are treated better.
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How do exam results disprove the theory of meritocracy?
Statistically, girls do better than boys/white students do better than African Caribbean students/middle class students do better than working class students.
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What did Davis and Moore say about selection and role allocation?
They argued that all the money was sent to the top jobs so more people would be encouraged to do well so they could compete for it.
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How could Davis and Moore be criticised?
How well you do in education does not always determine your job. There are many unemployed graduates and many unqualified millionaires.
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What is skills training?
When education teaches a child the skills and attitudes needed for the workplace.
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What does Durkheim say about skills training?
He argues education teaches the basic skills such as maths and communication. It also teaches specialist skills needed for jobs such as punctuality, makes you hardworking and makes you a conformist.
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How can Durkheim and skills training be criticised?
Employers and the New Right argue that education is not producing workers with the correct skills and attitudes.
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Card 2


What is the functionalist view of education?


That it is a positive institution.

Card 3


What are the three things Functionalists say education does?


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Card 4


What is secondary socialisation?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


What does secondary socialisation do?


Preview of the front of card 5
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