Functionalism and Education: Meritocracy and Role Allocation

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What happens in a meritocracy?
Everyone is given an equal opportunity and individuals achieve rewards through their own merit
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What does this mean?
That if you do well you will be rewarded and if you don't do well you won't be rewarded
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How is meritocracy shown within education?
Monetary rewards, prize giving, sanctions, certificates, achievement assemblies, prizes, prom, punishment, school reports, recognizing grades and school work
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What is Parsons main beliefs about the role education?
That society is the focal agent of socialisation in society and it acts as a bridge between wider society and the family
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Within the family status is what?
Ascribed
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Within education status is what?
Achieved, based on merit
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Within the family was it the child judged by?
Particularistic standards
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Within school what is the child judged by?
Universalistic standards
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What does particularistic mean?
Specific to the family setting, not going to compare to anyone else
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What does universalistic mean?
Expectations are generalised and are the same
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What is education a device for?
Selection and role allocation
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Which relationship do they focus on?
The relationship between education and social inequality
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Why is inequality important?
To ensure that the most important roles are filled by the most talented
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What does education play an important role in?
Demonstrating who is most able, it 'sifts' and 'sorts' according to ability
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What are some examples of role allocation within education?
Setting and streaming, entry requirements, 11+ exam, higher ability- more opportunity, oxbridge invitations
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Card 2

Front

What does this mean?

Back

That if you do well you will be rewarded and if you don't do well you won't be rewarded

Card 3

Front

How is meritocracy shown within education?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is Parsons main beliefs about the role education?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Within the family status is what?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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