Functionalism and Education: Durkheim

What does Durkheim believe are the 2 main functions of the education system?
Creating social solidarity and teaching specialist skills
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What does Durkheim argue society needs?
Social solidarity
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What does social solidarity mean?
That societies' members feel like they are all part of one body
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Durkheim argues that without social life and cooperation life would be what?
Impossible because each individual would pursue their own selfish desires.
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What is the first way in which schools promote social solidarity?
Transmitting society's culture and it's shared beliefs and values- for example; school trips, RE & PSE
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What is the second way in which schools promote social solidarity?
School teaches us how to co-operate with lots of different people who may be outside of our social circle - for example; seating plan, group work, work experience & form groups
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What is the third way in which schools promote social solidarity?
School teaches us to respect hierarchy, rules and regulations- for example; code of conduct, rewards and sanctions
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What does modern society have?
A complex division of labour
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What does the production of a single item take?
Many different specialists
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In order for this to be successful what does each person need to be taught?
The specialist skills that need for that specific job
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What does Durkheim argue that education teaches individuals?
The specialist knowledge and skills that they need to play their part in the social division of labour
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What is taught in school to prepare you for working life?
Early mornings/long days, work load, interviews, dress code, exams-stress and pressure, intervention-over time, organisation
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What is a criticism of Durkheim?
He doesn't take into consideration children with disabilities and he doesn't provide a theory that encompasses how disabled children would be taught specialist skills in order to get a job in later life
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does Durkheim argue society needs?

Back

Social solidarity

Card 3

Front

What does social solidarity mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Durkheim argues that without social life and cooperation life would be what?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the first way in which schools promote social solidarity?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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