Function and Role of Protein

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What is protein made of?
Long chains of amino acids
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How many different amino acids are known in nature?
80
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How many amino acids do humans need?
20
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How many amino acids are made by the body?
11
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What are the amino acids called that are made by the body?
Non-essential
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How many amino acids come from our diet?
9
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What are the amino acids called that come from our diet?
Essential
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What is the main function of protein in the body?
For growth
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When does the body experience rapid growth?
During childhood and after puberty
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What is another function of protein in the body?
For maintenance of the body
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What does protein repair?
Muscle and tissue damage
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What is the secondary function of protein in the body?
It is a secondary source of energy
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How many calories does 1g of protein provide us with?
4kCal
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What happens to excess protein and where is it stored?
It is converted to fat and is stored in the adipose tissue
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Where is the first source of protein found?
In animal products
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Give five examples of animal foods that are rich in protein
Cheese, fish, eggs, meat and milk
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Which type of protein do animal foods provide you with?
HBV protein
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What does HBV protein contain?
All 9 essential amino acids
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Which one plant protein is a source of HBV protein?
Soya
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Where is the second source of protein found?
In plant products
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Give six examples of plant foods that are rich in protein
Beans, lentils, nuts, peas, seeds and grains
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Which type of protein do plant products provide you with?
LBV protein
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What does LBV protein lack?
1 or more essential amino acid
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Card 2

Front

How many different amino acids are known in nature?

Back

80

Card 3

Front

How many amino acids do humans need?

Back

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Card 4

Front

How many amino acids are made by the body?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the amino acids called that are made by the body?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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