From Second Reich to Third Reich Germany, 1919-45

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  • Created by: bushey97
  • Created on: 05-05-14 16:12
When did Germany lose WWI?
September 1918
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When was the 'revolution from above'?
1 October 1918
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Socialist-run soviets take control of Germany's major cities
4-8 November 1918
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When did Kaiser abdicate; Prince Max resign & socialist government in power?
9 November 1918
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Fighting on the Western Front ended by Armistice
11 November 1918
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'Spartacus week' in Berlin: Communist revolt suppressed by Free Corps
6-11 January 1919
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National Assembly elections
19 January 1919
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Between which years was Article 48 used?
1930-33
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Bavarian Soviet Republic overthrown
May 1919
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Germany signed the Treaty of Versailles
June 1919
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The Kapp Putsch
March 1920
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Murders of Erzberger and Rathenau by Organisation Consul
1921-22
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French troops occupied the Ruhr
January 1923
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Germany called off its policy of 'passive resistance'
September 1923
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Hitler's 'Beer Hall Putsch' took place in Munich
November 1923
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Introduction of the Rentenmark
1923
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Dawes Plan
1924
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Locarno Pact
1925
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Germany admitted to the League of Nations
1926
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Unemployment Insurance Act
1927
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Reichstag elections: extreme right wing parties lost ground
1928
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Young Plan
1929
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Foundation of the NSDAP
1920
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The 'Beer Hall Putsch' took place in Munich
1923
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Hitler's treason trial
1924
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Publication of Mein Kampf
1925
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Bamberg Conference
1926
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Hitler and the Nazis invited to join Hugenberg's campaign against the Young Plan
1929
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Reichstag elections: Nazis won 0.8 million votes and 12 seats
1928
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Reichstag elections: Nazis won 6.4 million votes and 107 seats
1930
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Presidential election: Hitler won 11.3m votes in 1st round & 13.4m in 2nd round
1932 (March-April)
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Reichstag elections: Nazis won 13.8 million votes & 230 seats
July 1932
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Reichstag elections: Nazis won 11.7 million votes & 196 seats
November 1932
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Reichstag election: Nazis won 17.3 million votes & 288 seats
March 1933 (took place after Nazi intimidation & banning of KPD)
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Bruning appointed as Chancellor
1930
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Bruning dismissed as Chancellor
30 May 1931
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Reparations payments scrapped
1932
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Von Papen appointed as Chancellor
1 June 1932
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Schleicher took over as Chancellor
December 1932
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Hitler becomes Chancellor; Von Papen vice-Chancellor
30 January 1933
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Hitler-Hindeberg meeting: Hitler refused to accept vice-Chancellorship
13 August 1932
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Reichstag Fire
27 February 1933
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Reichstag elections - Nazis gain 44% of vote
5 March 1933
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Enabling act passed through Reichstag
23 March 1933
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Abolition of trade unions
1 May 1933
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SDP outlawed
June 1933
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Law Against the Formation of New Parties
July 1933
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'Concordat' agreement between Nazi Germany and the Vatican
July 1933
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Establishment of the Protestant 'Reich Church'
July 1933
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'Night of the Long Knives'
30 June - 2 July 1934
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KdF established
1933 (Nazi Party provided activities for citizens)
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One-day boycott of Jewish shops
1 April 1933
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Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service
7 April 1933
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Public burning in Berlin of books by Jewish, socialist & other authors
10 May 1933
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Nuremberg Laws
15 September 1935
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Beginnings of Goering's 'Aryanisation' policy
April 1938
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Kristallnacht; billion-mark fine imposed on the Jewish community
9 November 1938
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SS Einsatzgruppen followed the German armies into Poland
September 1939 (50,000 civilians killed- mainly Jewish)
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Poland's Jews put into Ghettoes
Late-1939
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Einsatzgruppen followed German armies in Soviet Russia
Summer 1941
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Wansee Conference
January 1942
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Reich Central Office to Combat the Gypsy Nuisance
1936
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Operation T-4 launched
1939
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Dismissal of Jewish and 'unreliable' teachers from schools
1933
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Introduction of Marriage Loan Scheme
1933
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Law on Hitler Youth introduced
1936
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Catholic Youth Association outlawed
1936
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Introduction of the Mother Cross award
1936
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Abortion not allowed in Nazi Germany; birth control clinics closed
1933
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Divorce laws relaxed (to encourage second families)
1938
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Hjalmer Schact's 'New Plan'
1934
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Launching of the 'Four Year Plan' under Goering's direction
1936
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Schact's resignation as minister of economics
1937
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Levels of unemployment in January 1933
5-7 million
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German invasion of Poland
1939
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Operation Barbarossa launched; USA's entry into the war
1941
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Speer appointed Armaments Minister
1942
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German surrender at Stalingrad
1943
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Allied invasion of France
1944
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Invasion of Germany; suicide of Hitler, Goebbels & Himmler
1945
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When was the 'revolution from above'?

Back

1 October 1918

Card 3

Front

Socialist-run soviets take control of Germany's major cities

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When did Kaiser abdicate; Prince Max resign & socialist government in power?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Fighting on the Western Front ended by Armistice

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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