Freud's theory

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What does Freud's theory state?
Personality has 3 parts
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What is the first part?
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Which does what?
It is inborn and seeks pleasure
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What is the second part of the personality?
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When does it develop?
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What part of the brain is this?
Realistic and logical part of the personality
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What is it protected by?
Defrence mechanisms e.g repression
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What happens if defence mechanisms get out of hand?
They shape personality
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For example?
One may develop an aggressive personality
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what is the third part of the personality?
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When is it developed?
At 4-6 years
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What is the superego?
Conscience part of the personality
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What does this mean?
It helps us have morals and shapes our personality in the light of the oedipus and electra complexes
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Personality is shaped by what?
HOw effectively the ego balances the conflicting demands of the id and superego
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For example?
If one's ego can't harness the superego one many develop a depressive personality
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What else is Freud's theory based on?
How a child passes through the 5 psychosexual stages
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What are the 5 stages?
Oral, anal, phallic, latent and genital
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What will this determine?
What kind of personality s/he develops in adulthood
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What happens if a child experiences a trauma in any stage?
Behaviour becomes fixaxted, so that behaviour will become a permanent feature of their personality
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What would smooth passage through the stages lead to?
A stable and balanced personality
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What else does the theory also suggest?
All children have to work through the oedipus or electra complex during the phallic stage
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Where is the libido focused?
On the genitals
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What do children learn to identify?
With their same sex parent in order to develop their gender rol, consceince and morals
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What can this form?
It forms the basis of their adult personality
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What can a fixation here lead to?
sexually obsessed personality when conflicts are not resolved successfully
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What does theory suggest?
a range of factors( including the ide and the superego and fixation in a physcosexual stage are important in determining a person's adult personality
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Card 2


What is the first part?



Card 3


Which does what?


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Card 4


What is the second part of the personality?


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Card 5


When does it develop?


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