freud

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aim?
To find the cause of little Hans’ phobia of horses and other issues To provide support for Freud’s theories of the psychosexual stages of development and the effectiveness of psychoanalytic therapy
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method?
Longitudinal case study Action research: gathered data on Hans’ as he was treated, to measure his progression during therapy
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sample?
Little Hans (pseudonym) described as cheerful and straightforward, studied from age 3-5years ,Had a baby sister, Hanna, who he experienced jealousy of and had fantasies of drowning in the bath
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sample 2?
Had an obsession with his widdler, to the point his mother threatened to send for the Dr to cut it off * Demonstrated fear of being separated from his mother * Had a phobia of horses, white ones with black bits around their mouths, wearing blinkers
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procedure?
Data was gathered by Hans’ father (Freud supporter) Records of behaviours, dreams and conversations sent to Freud via letter to interpret
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procedure 2?
Father follows Freud’s advice in talking through Hans’ unconscious inner conflicts with him to resolve his phobia. Freud met with Hans at least once, at 19, to assess whether his phobia had been resolved
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dream analysis, dream 1?
Dream 1= a plumber came to the house and removed Hans’ bum and widdler, replacing them with bigger ones. o Analysis= he was now identifying with his father and had passed through/ resolved the Oedipus complex
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dream anaylsis dream 2?
there was a big giraffe in the room and a crumpled one. The big one called out because Hans took the crumpled one away. Then it stooped calling, and Hans sat on the crumpled one
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dream 2, analysis?
representation of him trying to taker his mother away from his father because of their sexual rivalry, another feature of the Oedipus complex. The large giraffe symbolised his father, as the long neck was a phallic symbol.
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dream 2 analysis 2?
The dream represented the conflict Hans was experiencing with his father over the morning routine: his father was refusing to let him get into bed with his mother.
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dream analysis, dream 3?
dreamed he was at a picnic where he had his own family with his mother and his father was the grandfather o Analysis= Linked to his experience of the Oedipus complex but was seen as him having resolved it.
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behaviour analysis?
Fear of horses seen as a subconscious fear of his father (only scared of horses with dark marks around the mouth symbolising the father’s moustache and blinkers symbolising the father’s glasses).
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behaviour analysis explanation?
Freud suggested Hans had displaced his fear, that his father would castrate him over his desire of his mother, onto a more socially acceptable object- horses. Supported by Hans reportedly making a Freud slip - saying to his father, ‘Don’t trot away"
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behaviour analysis?
His interest in his widdler and his jealousy over his mother could also be explained by Oedipus complex.
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hans at age 19?
Confirmed he had no troubles during adolescence and was fit and well, providing support that psychoanalytic therapy is effective.
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hans at age 19?
No recollection of discussions with his father: Freud suggests this is because he repressed these memories into the unconscious to defend the ego.
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conclusions?
study provided evidence for; His theory of psychosexual development, particularly the phallic stage as Hans showed evidence of being fixated on his widdler, and progressing through the Oedipus complex.
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conclusion 2?
The nature of phobias and his theory that they are produced by unconscious anxiety being displaced onto harmless external objects.
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conclusion 3?
His use of psychoanalytic therapy to treat disturbed thoughts, feelings, and behaviour, by identifying the unconscious cause and talking it through with the patient.
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Longitudinal case study Action research: gathered data on Hans’ as he was treated, to measure his progression during therapy

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