French Wars- The land battles under Wellington

Why did Britain mainly fight coastal battles?
Needed navy for supply and retreat
1 of 45
What was the impact of Britain taking French and Spanish colonies?
More strategic bases and trade routes
2 of 45
What was a major problem for the British fighting in colonies?
Tropical disease
3 of 45
When was the British evacuation from Belgium?
1794
4 of 45
Why were the British forced to evacuate from Belgium?
Poor supply and locistics
5 of 45
In which battles in India did Wellington defeat much larger Indian forces?
Battle of Assaye, Battle of Argaum
6 of 45
What were the impacts of Indian campaigns for Wellington?
Returned home a national hero with a knighthood
7 of 45
When was the Peace of Amiens?
1802
8 of 45
Why did the Peace of Amiens break down?
Britain lost international markets and France threatened colonies after Napoleon took Switzerland
9 of 45
What was the name given to British subsidies to Allies during the wars?
The Golden Cavalry of St George
10 of 45
When did Napoleon invade Russia?
1812
11 of 45
What did the invasion of Russia create?
A war on 2 fronts
12 of 45
What started the Peninsular War?
The French alliance with Spain broke down
13 of 45
What was the name of the Spanish rebels who led the ongoing guerilla war in Spain?
Junta
14 of 45
What were the problems with the Junta?
Ill-equipped, poorly led, poorly trained
15 of 45
After which battle in the Peninsular War did the British retreat?
The Battle of Corunna
16 of 45
What year did Napoleon have the most land in his whole career?
1810
17 of 45
What was the Treaty of Fontainbleau?
First abdication of Napoleon to Elba
18 of 45
When was the Treaty of Fontainbleau?
1814
19 of 45
When was the Battle of Vimeiro?
1808
20 of 45
What happened at the Battle of Vimeiro?
Wellesley ordered skirmishes to lure the French over a hill, with camouflaged soldiers waiting on the other side. The French were trapped and attempted a dogged retreat uphill
21 of 45
What was the Convention of Cintra?
The agreement of Wellesley's superior officers to allow a French surrender after Vimeiro
22 of 45
When was the Battle of Douro/ 2nd Porto?
1809
23 of 45
How did Wellesley prepare for the Battle of Douro/ 2nd Porto?
Trained 30,000 men including Portuguese troops
24 of 45
What happened in the Battle of Douro/ 2nd Porto?
Wellesley crossed the Douro River in small numbers, initiating a surprise attack. The French retreated due to an overestimation of the size of British forces
25 of 45
What was the main impact of the Battle of Douro/ 2nd Porto?
French left behind supplies and guns, delaying French supply
26 of 45
When was the Battle of Talavera?
1809
27 of 45
What happened in the Battle of Talavera?
Heavy losses on either side, but Portugal was safe from invasion
28 of 45
How did Wellesley prepare for the Battle of Bussaco Ridge?
Recruited and trained men during the winter, prepared the Lines of Torres Vedras
29 of 45
What happened at the Battle of Bussaco Ridge?
Tactical retreat to the Lines of Torres Vedras, while avoiding being outflanked
30 of 45
How long were the Lines of Torres Vedras?
40 miles from the sea to the River Tagus
31 of 45
What was the layout of the Lines of Torres Vedras?
3 lines- the first weakly defended, the second strongly defended, and a third at a port in anticipation of retreat
32 of 45
What happened during the winter of 1810/1811?
Wellesley reinforced the first line, and Massena was trapped in between the lines, so his men starved and died from hypothermia
33 of 45
Why didn't Wellesley follow Massena after he escaped the Lines in 1811?
He knew his forces weren't strong enough to invade Spain`
34 of 45
When was the Battle of Salamanca?
1812
35 of 45
What happened at the Battle of Salamanca?
The French believed the British to be a small force, as British forces were largely hidden behind a ridge. Wellesley surprise attacked and pushed to Madrid
36 of 45
Why did Wellesley return to Portugal in 1815?
Supply lines ran thin, as Madrid was not on the coast
37 of 45
What were the orders for British troops remaining in Madrid in 1815?
Retreat if attacked
38 of 45
When was the Battle of Waterloo?
1815
39 of 45
What happened at the Battle of Waterloo?
Napoleon started late due to wet ground being unfavourable for artillery, Wellesley sheltered troops behind ridges and in farm houses, both cavalries were heavily weakened before the Prussians showed up. Before this, it was anyone's game
40 of 45
What did Wellesley call the Battle of Waterloo?
'the nearest run thing you ever saw in your life'
41 of 45
What did Wellesley say when the Battle of Waterloo was almost over?
'No cheering my lads, onwards, and complete your victory'
42 of 45
How did Wellesley ensure a good supply system?
Kept troops close to the shore
43 of 45
What did Wellesley do before battles which led to success?
Studied Napoleon's tactics, organised defences using the landscape, trained troops
44 of 45
Why was Wellesley popular among the men?
National hero, kept army well-paid, well-fed, and well-trained, knew when not to fight so reduced casualties, increasing morale
45 of 45

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the impact of Britain taking French and Spanish colonies?

Back

More strategic bases and trade routes

Card 3

Front

What was a major problem for the British fighting in colonies?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When was the British evacuation from Belgium?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why were the British forced to evacuate from Belgium?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all The British Experience of Warfare 1790-1918 resources »