1. what does the case of DPP V ray show ?
- intent is needed
- representation can be contiuing and so failure to do as represented is fraud even if by mistake
- representation must be seen by others
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2. the d must know that the representation was or might have been false
3. the crime is complete the moment the false representation is made regardless if anyone is aware of this ?
4. what is the mens rea of fraud
- dishonesty , knowledge and intent to gain for seld or loss of another
- dishonesty and reckelssness
5. dishonesty is outlined in ?
- walter test
- ghosh test
- smith test