France in revolution

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The legal system p1
16th August 1790-abolition of many features, different systems in the North and South. Different types of law court: the parliaments, seigneurial and ecclesiastical courts. The Lettres de Cachet.
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The legal system p2
Same principle of uniformity-based on administrative division of reformed local government.
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The new legal system
The different levels based on the new system of local government: Justices of the peace. District Courts. Criminal Courts. Court of Appeal.
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The Penal Code: more humane. Capital punishment.
1. Torture & mutilation = abolished, & anyone arrested had to be brought to court within 24 hrs. 2. No. of capital crimes = great reduction, March 1792 = Guillotine = only method of public execution.
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The Penal Code: Overall changes in justice.
3. This new Judicial system would be one of the longest lasting reforms of the Constitutional Assembly. Justice was free and equal to all.
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The Church - key aims:
1. Free from abuses[absenteeism + plurality]. 2. Free from foreign [papal] control. 3. Democratic. 4. Linked to new system=local gov. 5. linked closer to State=strengthen revolution.
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The Church: Intentions
Not anti-religions or anti-catholic.
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The Church: August 1789
Assembly abolished the Tithe & pluralism. Ended privileges of Church [e.g. taxes]. Most Paris clergy supported these measures.
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The Church: December 1789
Decree giving civil rights to protestants.
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The Church: February 1790
Decree regarding monastic orders. Those which did not work in the community were suppressed. Those which provided education and charity were allowed to remain 'for the present.' The taking of religious vows was forbidden.
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The Church: September 1791
December 1789 decree extended to Jews.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Same principle of uniformity-based on administrative division of reformed local government.

Back

The legal system p2

Card 3

Front

The different levels based on the new system of local government: Justices of the peace. District Courts. Criminal Courts. Court of Appeal.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

1. Torture & mutilation = abolished, & anyone arrested had to be brought to court within 24 hrs. 2. No. of capital crimes = great reduction, March 1792 = Guillotine = only method of public execution.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

3. This new Judicial system would be one of the longest lasting reforms of the Constitutional Assembly. Justice was free and equal to all.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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