Fourth Crusade.

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  • Created by: EmilyA-J
  • Created on: 19-04-14 10:49
When was the fourth crusade?
1202-1204..
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Who was the author of the Fourth Crusade?
Pope Innocent III.
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What did the leaders of this crusade make their objective point when they set off?
Egypt.- Height of Muslim power.
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How did they plan to get to Egypt?
The crusaders proceeded to Venice, for the purpose of securing transportation across the Mediterranean.
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What did the Venetian's agree to do?
Furnish the necessary ships only on condition that the crusaders first seized Zara on the eastern coast of the Adriatic.
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Who tried to stop them taking Zara and why?
The Pope because it was a Christian city but they took it anyway.
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What did the Venetians then persuade the Crusaders to do?
Turn against Constantinople.- The possession of this capital would increase Venetian trade.
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When was the sack of Constantinople?
1204.
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How did the attack Constantinople and subsequently take it?
They burned down a great part of it; they slaughtered the inhabitants; they wantonly destroyed monuments, statues, paintings, and manuscripts - the accumulation of a thousand years. Much of the movable wealth they carried away.
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Consequences of the Fourth Crusade...
Constantinople declined in strength, two centuries later it fell into the hands of the Turks.Their greed and lust for power turned the Fourth Crusade into a political adventure.
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Who led the Venetians by ships in October 1202?
Doge Enrico Dandolo, the elected 'duke of the Venetian Republic.
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What was the goal of this Crusade and what actually happened?
Goal= Jerusalem, take it back from the Muslims. What actually happened was the sack of Constantinople in 1204.
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What agreement was made with the Venetians and who?
Doge Dandolo and his council. Venice would provide transport ships, crews and a year's provisions for 4,500 knights with their mounts, 9,000 squires and sergeants and 20,000 ordinary footmen, for a total of 33,500 men and 4,500 horses.
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What couldn't the Crusaders afford?
To pay the Venetians for their ships.
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What did the Doge ask for instead of the money then?
The capture of Zara.- This was a 14 day siege.
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Who was the original leader of the Fourth Crusade and why was he replaced?
Theobald III of Champagne, died before crusade started. Count Boniface of Montferrat was elected as the new leader.
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What happened when the Crusaders arrived in Constantinople?
Attacked the Tower of Galata which soon fell. Venetians attacked harbor wall whilst French attacked land wall. Venetians set fire to city and wind carried it setting most of it alight.
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What did Emperor Alexius IV do?
Went to his adviser who locked the emperor away and took the throne for himself, the new emperor shut the gates and put defenses in place.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who was the author of the Fourth Crusade?

Back

Pope Innocent III.

Card 3

Front

What did the leaders of this crusade make their objective point when they set off?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How did they plan to get to Egypt?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did the Venetian's agree to do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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