Formation of Romantic Relationship

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  • Created by: Gemma
  • Created on: 12-04-14 10:11
Name the 2 theories associated with this topic
Reward need satisfaction theory - Byrne + Clore & Similarity theory - Byrne , Clore + Smeaton
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What did the social learning theory say (CC)
Learn through CC + OC. we associate person with pleasantness + so a relationship forms. The balance of positive to negative feelings is crucial - higher amount of + feelings =more successful. Partners don't have to be seeking same reinforcement
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What did the social learning theory say? (OC)
We are attracted to someone gratifying, when each partner meets the others needs. Humans look for others/relationships which + reinforce us, enter relationship bcz individual directly associated with reinforcement
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Main 2 areas explored by similarity theory?
Personality + Attitude
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Explain about the areas
Personality- main rule is attracted to someone most similar, although not always the case, research backs it up. Attitude - attiude alignment occurs whereby 1 partner modifies attitude to become more similar to partner so relationship can develop
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Key to similarity theory?
Similarity promotes liking
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How do we sort partners in similarity theory?
1st by dissimilar , then from potential partners we pick the most similar
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Griffit + Guay
Experimenter - rated pp on a creative task. Pp had to rate experimenter, the higher the score given by the experimenter, the higher the score given by the pp. even rated person by the door highly (RNST)
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Cate et al
337 pps , gave a questionnaire - asked which is more important reward/satisfaction + found that reward level = superior
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Aron et al
pps completed a love quiz, those who reported highly on quiz had active areas of the brain which are associated with dopamine - reward ..positive feeling relationships give us (RNST)
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Lott
Culture bias - some women don't seek rewards for themselves/look to be positively reinforced. More concerned with maintaining group harmony (RNST)
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Hays
We gain satisfaction from giving as well as receiving (RNST)
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Yoshida
Looking at a very limited view of factors ; relationship is built on much more than similarity of personality + attitude
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Speakman et al
found people are attracted to people with similar body mass
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Rosenbaum
Dissimilarity is more important in relationship formation
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Singh + Tan
Tested the dissimilarity -repulsion hypothesis + found that we first sort by similarity + then as we get to know partner the less similar = deciding factor
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Hays
We gain satisfaction from giving as well as receiving
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Any problems with either of the theories?
Reward/need satisfaction theory is based on conditioning, which is part of the behaviorist approach , therefore not taking into account any other approach e.g. biology
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Any good points in general about the topic?
this research has been done in order to help others whom it is hard to find love, however more research is needed
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Card 2

Front

What did the social learning theory say (CC)

Back

Learn through CC + OC. we associate person with pleasantness + so a relationship forms. The balance of positive to negative feelings is crucial - higher amount of + feelings =more successful. Partners don't have to be seeking same reinforcement

Card 3

Front

What did the social learning theory say? (OC)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Main 2 areas explored by similarity theory?

Back

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Card 5

Front

Explain about the areas

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