Formation of relationships

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Byrne and Clore came up with
The reward/need satisfaction theory
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Reward/need satisfaction theory
Based on classical and operant conditioning. Says we are attracted to people and wish to form relationships with them if their company is rewarding to us, making us feel good
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Classical conditioning
We initially make a pleasurable association between 2 events
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Operant conditioning
We then repeat the behaviour because we seek reward from the pleasure
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Similarity theory
Relationships begin because people find they have important similarities. Sharing same idea of physical attractiveness also important and it isn't common for people of very different ages to start a relationship
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Griffit and Guay - supports reward/need satisfaction theory
Scores highest when experimenter had given a positive evaluation of the participants performance. Even the onlooker rated higher when experimenter provided positive feedback suggesting that we like people who are associated with positive outcomes
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Evaluation of Griffit and Guay
-Lacks ecological validity because lab experiment -Extent to which rating reflect likelihood of relationship is questionable -pleasant experiences are subjective
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Byrne - supports similarity theory
Participants filled in questionnaire with interests. Used to create fictitious profiles and participants asked if they wanted to meet them. Positive correlation between stranger similarity and desire to meet them
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Evaluation of Byrne
+Supports similarity theory -Situation is highly artifical -Self report so can't generalise
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Evaluation of formation of relationships
-Only explores receiving rewards (Hays) -Cultural bias (only based on western, not arranged marriages)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Reward/need satisfaction theory

Back

Based on classical and operant conditioning. Says we are attracted to people and wish to form relationships with them if their company is rewarding to us, making us feel good

Card 3

Front

Classical conditioning

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Operant conditioning

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Similarity theory

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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