forensics ; offender profiling ; bottom-up approach

1 of 64
what is the aim?
generate picture of offender
2 of 64
systematica analysis of evidence of crime scene
3 of 64
unlike top-down it doesn;t ebgin with?
fixed typologies
4 of 64
instead profice is 'data driven' and emerges as what happens?
investigator engages deeper and more rigorous scrutiny of details of offence
5 of 64
which approach is more grounded in psych theory?
6 of 64
- investigative psychology
7 of 64
discipline is an attempt to do what?
apply statistical procedures alongside psychological theory
8 of 64
what is the aim in relation to offender profiling?
establish patterns of behaviour likely to occur or co-exist across crime scenes
9 of 64
this is in order to do what?
develop statistical 'database; which then acts as baseline for comparison
10 of 64
specific details of offence / related offences then cna be matched against this database for?
revealing important details about offender personal history etc
11 of 64
may also determine what about series of offences?
whether linked and committed by same person
12 of 64
central to approach is concept of?
interpersonal coherence
13 of 64
what is interpersonal coherence?
they way an offender behaves @ scene including interaction w/ victim may reflect everyday behaviour
14 of 64
significance of what is also a key variable?
time and place
15 of 64
as in geog profining which may indicate what?
where offender is living
16 of 64
finally what does forensic awareness describe?
indiviuals subject to previous interrogation - behaviour may denote how mindful they are of covering tracks
17 of 64
- geographical profiling
18 of 64
uses information to do with location of linked crime scenes to do what?
make inferences about likely home / operational base of offender
19 of 64
this is known as?
crime mapping
20 of 64
can also be used in conjunction with psych theory to do what?
create hypotheses about how offender is thinking awa modus operandi
21 of 64
what is the assumption here?
serial offenders will restrict 'work; to geog areas they're familiar with
22 of 64
and so understanding spatial pattern of behaviour provides investigators with?
centre of gravity likely to include offenders base
23 of 64
may also help investigators do what?
make educated guesses about where offender is lilely to strike next
24 of 64
called the?
jeopardy surface
25 of 64
what and who proposed two models of offender behaviour?
canter's circle theory
26 of 64
what are these two models called?
the marauder / the commuter
27 of 64
what is the marauder?
those that operate in close proximity to home base
28 of 64
and commuter?
those likely to have travelled a distance from usual residence
29 of 64
crucailly though pattern of offending is likely to form what?
circle around usual residence
30 of 64
and this comes more apparent?
the more offences there are
31 of 64
such spatial decision making can offer investigative team what?
important insight into nateure of offence
32 of 64
33 of 64
:) evidence supports investigative pych
34 of 64
canter and heritage conducted content analysis of how many sexual assault cases?
35 of 64
data examined using what statistical technique?
smallest space analysis
36 of 64
a computer programme that does what?
identifies correlations across patterns of behaviour
37 of 64
several characteristics identified common in most cases like?
use of impersonal alng / lack reaction ot victim
38 of 64
these characteristics will occur in fifferent patterns for?
different individuals
39 of 64
this can lead to understanding fo what?
how offender's behaviour may change over series of offences
40 of 64
or in establishing what?
whether two or more offences were committed by same person
41 of 64
this supports usefulness of investigative psych why?
shows how stats techniqeus can be applied
42 of 64
:) evidence supports geographical profiling
43 of 64
lundrigan and canter collated info from how many murder cases w/ serial killers in us?
44 of 64
smalles space analysis revaled what?
spatial consistency in behaviour of killers
45 of 64
location of each body disposal site was in a different direction frm prev creating what?
centre of gravity
46 of 64
offenders base invariably located where?
centre of pattern
47 of 64
effect more moticeable for offenders who travelled short distances or?
48 of 64
this supports which of canter's claims?
spatial info is key factor in determining base of offender
49 of 64
:) scientific basis
50 of 64
bottom-up approach more objective and scientific why?
grounded in evidence and psych theory
51 of 64
and less driven by?
speculation and hunches
52 of 64
with aid of advanced artificial intelligence investigators are able to do what?
manipulate geographical / biographical / psych data quickly to produce insights and results that assist in inv
53 of 64
field of investigative psych has recently expanded to include areas like?
suspect interviewing / exam material in court
54 of 64
which supports what?
utility in all aspects of judicial process
55 of 64
56 of 64
:) wider application
57 of 64
advantage over etop down is?
can be applied to range of offences
58 of 64
techniques such as which two can be used in inv crimes like burglary and theft?
smalles space analysis / invstigation of crimes
59 of 64
:( mixed results for profiling
60 of 64
copson surveyed how many police forces?
61 of 64
and found adive provided by profiler judged 'useful' in what % cases?
62 of 64
in what % did it lead to accurate identification of offender?
63 of 64
kocsis et al found who produced more accurate offender profile on solved murder case than experienced sr detectives?
chemistry students
64 of 64

Other cards in this set

Card 2


what is the aim?


generate picture of offender

Card 3




Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


unlike top-down it doesn;t ebgin with?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


instead profice is 'data driven' and emerges as what happens?


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all forensics resources »