Food and Nutrition

What is nutrition?
The study of nutrients found in food and their functions in the body.
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What are nutrients?
Chemical compounds found in foods. These are proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals.
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What is a balanced diet?
A diet that contains all the nutrients in the correct amounts to meet individual needs.
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What is malnutrition?
Lack of food or particular nutrients in the diet or too much of the wrong kind of foods.
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Why do males need more energy than females?
higher metabolic rate and muscel tissue
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What are protiens?
The building blocks of body cells. A macronutrient. Needed for growth, repair and maitenance.
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How many amino acids are there?
22 - 10 essential for children and 8 for adults
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What are novel protiens ?
grown from micro-organism which produce myco-proteins e.g. QUORN
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what is an example of protein complemation?
beans on toast
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how many kilo calories make up 1g protein?
4
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what has hbv proteins?
animal proteins - all indespensable amino acids
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what vitamins are fat soluble?
A, D, E, K
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Do fats provide energy?
yes
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what else do fats do?
give insulation and protect vital organs
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what are saturated and unsaturated fats ?
see book
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name 3 sources of each type of fat?
see book
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are nutrients?

Back

Chemical compounds found in foods. These are proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals.

Card 3

Front

What is a balanced diet?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is malnutrition?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why do males need more energy than females?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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