Food Tech - Key Words - Diet and Good Health

Diet
The type of food we eat or drink
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Balanced Diet
A diet which provides all the necessary nutrients in the correct amount to meet the body's needs
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Undernutrition
Eating too little food to meet the body's needs
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Overnutrition
A condition where the body gets too much of a particular nutrient or nutrients
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Metabolism
The chemical processes that occur within the body in order to maintain life
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Malnutrition
Imperfect nutrition
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Dietary Reference Values
An estimate of the nutritional requirements of a healthy population
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Estimate Average Requirement
A useful indication of how much energy the average person needs
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Reference Nutrient Intake
An estimate of the amount of proteins, vitamins and minerals that should meet the needs of most of the group to which they apply
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Physical Activity Level
The number of kilojoules the body uses to fuel physical activity
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Basic Metabolic Rate
The number of kilojoules the body uses to stay alive each day
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Dietary Guidelines
Advice on diet
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Insulin
A hormone which controls blood sugar levels
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Nutritional Requirements
Estimates of energy and nutrients needed by individuals or groups of people
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Decalcification
Gradual removal of calcium from bones and teeth
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Primary Dentition
First set of teeth, 20 in all
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Osteomalacia
A softening of the bones, through deficiency from calcium or vitamin D
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Osteoporosis
A medical condition in which the bones become brittle and fragile
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Calcium Deficiency
Also known as hypocalcaemia, where the body suffers from not having enough calcium for its needs
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A diet which provides all the necessary nutrients in the correct amount to meet the body's needs

Back

Balanced Diet

Card 3

Front

Eating too little food to meet the body's needs

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A condition where the body gets too much of a particular nutrient or nutrients

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The chemical processes that occur within the body in order to maintain life

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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