Food safety and hygiene

  • Created by: millieg3
  • Created on: 30-04-18 17:23
What temperature does bacteria grow best at?
37 degrees which is our body temperature.
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What temperatures can bacteria also produce rapidly at?
Between 5 and 63 degrees.
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What is this known as?
The danger zone.
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Cooked food should be cooked until what temperature?
A core temperature of 75 degrees.
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What temperature should we reheat food until?
75 degrees
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What temperature is a freezer set at?
It's set between -18 degrees to -24 degrees
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Do bacteria multiply in the freezer?
Bacteria don't multiply in the freezer as they're dormant(alive but inactive)
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What is the definition of cross-contamination?
It's the transfer of bacteria from one place to another
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What are spores?
Spores are a special protective coating that some types of bacteria grow if the conditions are right to multiply.
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What is the danger zone?
It's between 5 and 63 degrees and is when bacteria multiply rapidly.
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What colour chopping board should you use for raw fish?
Blue.
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What colour chopping board would you use for root vegetables?
Brown.
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What colour chopping board should cooked meat, fish and poultry be chopped on?
Yellow.
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What colour should raw meat and poultry be chopped on?
Red.
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What colour chopping boards should we chop dairy food and bakery items on?
White
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What colour chopping board should salad, fruit and fresh vegetables be chopped on?
Green.
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What is the temperature inside a fridge?
5 degrees.
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Why are fridges this temperature?
So that the bacteria which can spoil food are too cold to be very active.
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What should we do to food in the fridge to keep it moist.
We should wrap them up.
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What ways can cross-contamination be reduced.
Wearing hair nets,hair tied up,removal of jewellery,correct cooking of food,blue plasters,use coloured chopping boards, wash equipment regularly with hot soapy water, regularly sanitise worktop,regularly washing hands and correct storage of food.
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What can we use to check the core temperature of food?
A food probe.
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What temperature should the core temperature of food be and for how long?
The core temperature should be 75 degrees or hotter for 2 minutes.
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For bacteria to grow and multiply rapidly they need what conditions?
Moisture,warmth,food and time.
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What are the three groups of micro-organisms?
Bacteria,yeasts and mould.
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Why do high risk foods allow harmful micro-organisms to grow and multiply?
As they contain a lot of moisture and protein.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What temperatures can bacteria also produce rapidly at?

Back

Between 5 and 63 degrees.

Card 3

Front

What is this known as?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Cooked food should be cooked until what temperature?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What temperature should we reheat food until?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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