Food HSC07

  • Created by: BeeWallis
  • Created on: 07-02-18 13:10
What are the five minerals?
Iron, calcuim, Phosphorus, iodine, zinc
1 of 77
What are the main vitamins?
fat soluble A, D, E, K. Water soluble B1 (Thiamine), B2 (Folic acid), B12 (cobalamin) and C (Ascorbic acid).
2 of 77
What are maronutrients?
nutrients that are needed in relatively large quantities. These include fats, carbohydrates and proteins.
3 of 77
What are the different forms of carbohydrates?
Starch, non-strach polysaccharide and sugars
4 of 77
Sugars
Simple, easily broken down, high glycaemix index and have a short lived effect
5 of 77
Starches
More complex and take longer for the body to digest. Foods have a low GI effect is mainted for longer.
6 of 77
Non-starch polysaccharides
Not digested, are a form of fibre help with digestion and have a role in lowering cholestrol
7 of 77
Function of carbohydrates
Broken down into glucose for energy. Can be stored in the body as glycogen.
8 of 77
Sources of starches
high levels of starches include bread, rice, pasta, potatoes and breakfast cereals.
9 of 77
Sources of sugar
chocolate, honey, syrup, jam, cakes and biscuits
10 of 77
Sources of NSP
bran products, peas, beans, coconuts and apricots.
11 of 77
How does the body use carbohydrates?
digestion of carbohydrate, results in glucose being absorbed into the blood stream, glucose is stored as glycogen, long chains of glucose molecules,stored in the liver and muscle cells the glucose will combine with oxygen
12 of 77
Different types of fats?
saturated, mono-unsaturated, polyunsaturated
13 of 77
Function of fats?
energy sources, insulation, use in protective layers
14 of 77
Sources of saturated fats?
fat on meat, butter, lard, whole milk and cheese
15 of 77
Sources unsaturated fats?
◦Monounsaturated fatty acids and polyunsaturated fatty acids are found in oils, such as olive oils and ground nut oil, and soft margarine. They are useful for building cell membranes in the body.
16 of 77
Risk of too much saturated fat?
Increase the amount of cholesterol in our blood increasing heart disease risk and stroke.
17 of 77
Types of cholestrol
HDL and LDL. LDL can build up in blood vessels and causing them to narrow increasing clot risk leading to heart attack or strokes. HDL retrices LDL cholestrol from body and carrying to liver so it doesnt build up
18 of 77
Sources of protein
meat, fish, eggs, milk, cheese, nuts, beans, peas
19 of 77
Function of protein?
Broken down into amino acrids. Build,growth, Maintain, Repair, Body tissue. proteins in the muscles enable us to move when the muscle fibres contract and relax, Enzymes and hormones are proteins
20 of 77
Function of iron
to help make red blood cells, helps immune system to work and brain to function
21 of 77
Sources of iron
red meat, beans and pulses
22 of 77
Requirements of iron
Daily requirement (mg): 10
23 of 77
Defincency of iron
anaemia, tiredness, reduced resistance to infection
24 of 77
Function of Calcuim
Causes rickets, weakened bones, especially in the legs/spine, Low bone densit, causes osteoporosis in females, Impairment of muscles
25 of 77
Function of phosphorus
build strong bones and teeth and help in release of energy from food
26 of 77
Function of iodine
Make thyroid hormones and help the brain function
27 of 77
Function of zinc
Aid normal mental skills, maintain normal hair, skin and nails. Helps in the normal healing of wounds and immune system,
28 of 77
Sources of calcuim
Bread, Milk, Cheese, Greek Yoghurt, Soya Beans,Tofu, Nuts.
29 of 77
Sources of phosphorus
red meat, poultry, fish
30 of 77
Sources of iodine
Milk, yogurt, shellfish
31 of 77
Sources of zinc
Meat, pulses, eggs, cheese
32 of 77
Requirements calcuim
◦Daily requirement (mg): 800
33 of 77
Requirements of phosphorus
◦Daily requirement (mg): 800
34 of 77
Requirements iodine
◦Daily requirement (mg): 0.15
35 of 77
Requirements zinc
◦Daily requirement (mg): 13
36 of 77
Defincency calcium
, rickets, muscle weakness, cramps
37 of 77
Defincency phosphorus
deficiency very rare, restricted bone growth, muscle weakness
38 of 77
Defincency of iodine
goitre, hypothyroidism
39 of 77
Defincency zinc
weak immune system, poor wound healing, failure to grow, skin inflammation
40 of 77
Function of Vitamin A (fat soluble)
maintains skin health, aids night vision, helps immune system aids bone development
41 of 77
Function of Vitamin D (fat soluble)
help absorbtion of calcuium so promotes growth of bones and teeth
42 of 77
Function of Vitamin E (fat soluble)
protect cells in body from damage
43 of 77
Function of vitamin K (fat soluble)
help in the clotting of blood
44 of 77
requirements of Vitamin A (fat soluble)
0.65
45 of 77
requirements of Vitamin D (fat soluble)
0.01
46 of 77
requirements of Vitamin E (fat soluble)
9
47 of 77
requirements of vitamin K (fat soluble)
0.07
48 of 77
Sources of vitamin K
cabbage, broccolli, spinach, eggs, pork, bacteria in the intestines
49 of 77
sources of Vitamin E (fat soluble)
vegetable oils, nuts, whole grain foods
50 of 77
Soucres of of Vitamin D (fat soluble)
fish oils, vitamin-fortified processed foods (e.g. margarine), sunlight on skin
51 of 77
Sources of Vitamin A (fat soluble)
liver, milk, cheese, eggs, carrots
52 of 77
Defincency of Vitamin A (fat soluble)
develop vision problems, poor immune systenm, fatigue, dry skin, dry hair and itching
53 of 77
Defincency of Vitamin D (fat soluble)
difficulty thinking, bone pain, frequent bone fractures, muscle weakness, soft bones may result in deformities
54 of 77
Defincency of Vitamin E (fat soluble)
liver disease, lack of coordination of muscle movements, muscle weakness, vision problems
55 of 77
Defincency of vitamin K
gum bleeding, nose bleeding, easy brusing, bleeding within digestive tract and blood in unrine
56 of 77
function •Vitamin B₁ (Thiamine)
involved in enzyme action to release energy from carbohydrates, aids nervous system functions
57 of 77
requirement Vitamin B₁ (Thiamine)
0.9
58 of 77
definceny Vitamin B₁ (Thiamine)
headache, nausea, fatigue, irritability, depression and abdominal discomfort
59 of 77
souces Vitamin B₁ (Thiamine)
liver, kidney, eggs, yeast, wholegrain food
60 of 77
Function •Vitamin B₂ (Riboflavin)
involved in enzyme action to release energy from carbohydrates and fats and nervous system
61 of 77
Requirement•Vitamin B₂ (Riboflavin)
1.5
62 of 77
Sources•Vitamin B₂ (Riboflavin)
milk, dairy products, meat, leaf vegetables
63 of 77
Deficiencies •Vitamin B₂ (Riboflavin)
blood shot eyes, sore tounge and lipsm infection in mouth and throat, extreme and unusual senstiivty to light, irritability in eyes, chapped lips
64 of 77
Function•Vitamin B₃ (Niacin)
involved in enzyme action to release energy from carbohydrates, helps to synthesis fats in the body
65 of 77
Requirement •Vitamin B₃ (Niacin)
17
66 of 77
Sources•Vitamin B₃ (Niacin)
meat, poultry, fish, whole grain foods, peas, beans
67 of 77
Deficiences •Vitamin B₃ (Niacin)
indigestion, fatigue, vomiting and depression
68 of 77
Function B₉ (Folic acid)
to help make red blood cells and for immune system to work
69 of 77
sources B₉ (Folic acid)
oranges, liver, leaf vegetables, peas, beans, nuts
70 of 77
deficiences B₉ (Folic acid)
tiredness, irritability, loss of apperitite, megablastic anemia
71 of 77
requirement B₉ (Folic acid)
0.2
72 of 77
function Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid)
protect cells and maintence of cells, bones, teeth and ligaments. helps to build collagen (connective tissue), aids absorption of iron, helps to form adrenaline antioxidants
73 of 77
sources •Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid)
citrus fruits, green vegetables
74 of 77
requirements •Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid)
40
75 of 77
deficiences Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid)
easy bruising, easy bleeding and joint and muscle pains, scurvy, swollen or bleeding gums, recurrent mouth ulcers
76 of 77
Why is a balanced diet important?
prevent/fight diseases, reduce risk of chronic diseases, control weight, promote healthy body growth, promotes mental health, reduce risk of mental disorders, maintains cholestrol, energy, enhances memory, promotes fitness
77 of 77

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the main vitamins?

Back

fat soluble A, D, E, K. Water soluble B1 (Thiamine), B2 (Folic acid), B12 (cobalamin) and C (Ascorbic acid).

Card 3

Front

What are maronutrients?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the different forms of carbohydrates?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Sugars

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Health & Social Care resources:

See all Health & Social Care resources »See all Health as a lifestyle choice resources »