Food Chapter 2 Nutritional Needs and Health Key Words

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Healthy, Balanced Diet
A diet that contains the correct proportions of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals and water necessary for good health
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Diet
The food that you eat every day. There are also special diets(e.g. a low-fat diet, a calorie-controlled diet, a vegetarian diet)
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Lacto-Vegetarian
Someone who does not eat meat or fish but will eat milk and milk products
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Life Stages
Pases of development that people go through during their life, such as infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood and the elderly
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Kilocalorie (kcal)/kilojoule (kJ)
Units used to measure energy
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Energy Dense
A food that contains a lot of fat and/or carbohydrate and has a high energy value
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BMR
Basal Metabolic Rate is the amount of energy we need to keep our body alive
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PAL
This means Physical Activity Level, and is the amount of energy we use for movement and physical activity every day
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Energy Balance
The amount of energy we get from food each day is the same as the amount of energy we use each day
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Modify
Change something in a recipe, e.g. an ingredient or cooking method to make it more suitable for current guidelines for a healthy diet
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Nutrient Profile
The different nutrients that a specific food contains
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Risk Factor
An action or a natural tendency that makes you more likely to develop a disease or health condition
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Malnutrition
Having a diet that is not balanced
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Diet-Related Disease
A disease or health condition where one or more of the risk factors for developing it are what or how much of particular foods or beverages you eat or drink over a period of time
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Card 2

Front

The food that you eat every day. There are also special diets(e.g. a low-fat diet, a calorie-controlled diet, a vegetarian diet)

Back

Diet

Card 3

Front

Someone who does not eat meat or fish but will eat milk and milk products

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Pases of development that people go through during their life, such as infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood and the elderly

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Units used to measure energy

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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