Fold Mountains The Alps Restless Earth Case Study

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What percentage of tourists come in winter?
70% of tourists visit the Alps in winter.
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What are the challenges of living in fold mountains?
1) Not good for farming due to steep relief and stony soil 2) Limited Accessiblity- roads expensive/difficult to build and rockfall may block them 3) Difficult climate- cold,wet, windy and little oxygen
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When were railways built in the Alps and what was their purpose?
Railways were built in the 1800's to improve accessibility to the Alps
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How have locals adapted to farm on the Alps?
1) they use the lower, better drained slopes for vineyards 2) sunnier slopes have been terraced to provide areas of flat land to grow crops 3) goat farming for milk, cheese and meat as goats are better adapted to living on steeper slopes
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When did tourism to the Alps begin?
In the 1900's
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What attracts tourists to the Alps in winter?
Skiing, snowboarding and ice climbing
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What attracts tourists to the Alps in summer?
Walking, mountain biking, paragliding and climbing
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How many tourists visit the Alps each year?
100 milllion
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Why are the Alps ideal for the use of Hydro-Electric Power (HEP)?
1) The high rainfall/snowfall ensures a plentiful water supply 2) Electricity is generated by falling water turning turbines, the steep relief of the Alps means lots of electricity can be generated.
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What percentage of the Alps electricity comes from HEP?
60%
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How it is ensured that there is always a supply of electricity?
Narrow/ steep valleys eg. those in Berne, Switzerland have been damned, allowing water to be stored for when it is needed
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What is the population of the Alps?
12 million
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How were the Alps formed?
By the collision of the African and European plates
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How is HEP used in the Alps?
1) Used locally for homes and businesses eg. to power ski lifts 2) some of it is exported to towns and cities further away?
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What else are the Alps used for?
1)Mining- but this has declined dramatically due to cheaper foreign sources 2)Forestry- Scots Pine is planted all over the Alps and is used to make furniture (Scots Pine is used as it is more resistant to munching goats)
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What to tunnels cut through the mountain provide?
Fast transport links. An example would be Lotschberg Base Tunnel that has been cut through the Bernese Alps in Switzerland
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the challenges of living in fold mountains?

Back

1) Not good for farming due to steep relief and stony soil 2) Limited Accessiblity- roads expensive/difficult to build and rockfall may block them 3) Difficult climate- cold,wet, windy and little oxygen

Card 3

Front

When were railways built in the Alps and what was their purpose?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How have locals adapted to farm on the Alps?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When did tourism to the Alps begin?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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