Fold Mountains-case study

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What is the alps?
range of fold mountains
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What is the location?
Central Europe
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It stretches across?
Austria , France , Germany , Italy , Liechtenstein , Slovenia and Switzerland
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When were they formed and by?
30 million yeats ago and by the collision between African and European plates
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What is the tallest peak?
Mont Blanc at 4810m on the Italian French border
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Population?
12 million people
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What 5 main things people use the alps for?
farming, tourism , mining, forestry , HEP
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What are the steep upland areas used to farm?what does this provide?
goats and provide cheese , meat and milk
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Some sunnier slopes have been terraced to? For example?
plant vineyards (lavaux , Switzerland)
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How many tourist visit the alps each year making tourism a hug part of the economy?
100 million
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What percentage of tourists visit the steep,snow covered mountains in the winter?
70%
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Why do people go in the winter?
skiing , snowboarding , ice climbing
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Why do they go in the summer?
mountain biking , paragliding , climbing
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New villages have been built yo cater for?For example?
the quantity of tourists (Tignes in France)
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What peppers the landscape?
Ski runs , Ski lifts , cable cars , holiday chalets and resturants
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The narrow valleys are dammed to generate? For example?
HEP (in the Berne area in Switzerland)
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How much electricity does Switzerland get from HEP in the alps?
60%
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The electricity is used locally to power?
homes and businesses
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Its also exported to?
towns and cities far away
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What is mined in the Alps?
salt , iron , ore , gold , silver and copper
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But the mining has declined dramatically due to?
cheaper foreign sources
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Scots pine is planted all over the Alps because?
Its more resilient to the munching goats
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This kills?
native tree saplings
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What then happens to the trees?
They are logged and sold to make things like funiture
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People have adapted to the conditions of?
in the Alps
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What are the three adaptations called?
steep relief , poor soils limited communication
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Why is there steep relief?
Goats are farmed there because they are well adapted to live on the steep mountains
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What is the steep relief?
Trees and man made defences are used to protect against avalanches and rock slides
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What is the poor soils?
Animals are grazed in the most high areas as the soil isn't great for growing crops
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Why is there limited communication?
Roads have been built over passes(Brenner Pass between Austria and Italy) It takes along time to drive over passes and they can be blocked by snow
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What is the limited communication?
Tunnels have been cut through the mountains to provide fast transports links.For exaample , the Lotschberg base tunnel has been cut through the Bernese Alps in Switzerland
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the location?

Back

Central Europe

Card 3

Front

It stretches across?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When were they formed and by?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the tallest peak?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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