Flashcards on Penicillin- Medicine through time

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What did Alexander Fleming do?
In 1928, he found mould had developed accidentally on a set of culture dishes, growing bacteria. The mould created a bacteria-free circle. He wrote papers on bacteriology, immunology and chemotherapy. He was the first to discover penicilin.
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What role did Howard Florey play in the development of penicillin?
He was a pharmacologist and pathologist who shared the Nobel prize in Physiology/Medicine in 1945, with Chain and Fleming, for his role in the development of penicillin. He carried out the first clinical trials of it. He made it useful and effective.
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What role did Sir Ernst Boris Chain play in the development of penicillin?
He was a German biochemist. Also shared the prize with Fleming and Florey. Him and Florey revisited the work of Fleming. They went on to discover penicillin's therapeutic action and its chemical composition. He theorised the structure of penicillin.
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How did the invention of Penicillin affect World War II?
Supplies were sent with the troops making the D-Day landings in June 1944. It was effective and was used to solve the wait time between wounded and treatment. The death toll decreased. It kept infections from spreading and troops would recover faster
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What was the role of the USA in regards of penicillin?
Chemist John C. Sheehan at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) completed the first chemical synthesis of penicillin in 1957. He was the first to discover a practical method for synthesising penicillin while achieving total synthesis.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

He was a pharmacologist and pathologist who shared the Nobel prize in Physiology/Medicine in 1945, with Chain and Fleming, for his role in the development of penicillin. He carried out the first clinical trials of it. He made it useful and effective.

Back

What role did Howard Florey play in the development of penicillin?

Card 3

Front

He was a German biochemist. Also shared the prize with Fleming and Florey. Him and Florey revisited the work of Fleming. They went on to discover penicillin's therapeutic action and its chemical composition. He theorised the structure of penicillin.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Supplies were sent with the troops making the D-Day landings in June 1944. It was effective and was used to solve the wait time between wounded and treatment. The death toll decreased. It kept infections from spreading and troops would recover faster

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Chemist John C. Sheehan at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) completed the first chemical synthesis of penicillin in 1957. He was the first to discover a practical method for synthesising penicillin while achieving total synthesis.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5

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