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Multi-Store Memory Model
Sensory Memory, Short-Term Memory, Long-Term Memory
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Sensory Memory
Milliseconds Duration, Attention paid to move to STM, Various encoding.
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Short-Term Memory
Few Seconds Duration, Miller 7+-2 items, Rehearsal moves to LTM, Acoustic encoding
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Long-term Memory
Unlimited Duration, Unlimited Capacity, Semantic Encoding
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Visuo Spatial Sketchpad
Inner eye + visual cache, visual and spatial information
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Phonological Loop
Phonological Store + Articulatory Loop, Auditory information
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Central Executive
Form of Attention, Controls Slave Systems
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Misleading Information in EWT
Loftus 1975, Car accident, asked about a barn, there was no barn.
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Pre-conceived Schemata in EWT
Thickey and Brewer 2003, Asked people about bank robbery, they remembered things they expected better.
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Age of Witness EWT
Young Children bad at pinpointing origin of information, Poole and Lindsay
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Context Reinstatement
Rebuild Mental Image, Try to reinstate mindset
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Report Everything
Getting every tiny detail, helps jog memory by making leaps between memories as small as possible
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Changed Perspective
Recall as if standing somewhere else, helps police know what is missing from EWT
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Reverse Order
EWT asked to give story backwards and starting in different places.
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Chunking
Grouping Long lists into shorter lists, E.g, 1,2,3,4,5,6 becomes 12,34,56
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Mnemonics
King Penguins Climb Over Fresh Grainy Snow
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Learning Theory of Attachment
attachment theory based on conditiong of mother and child
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Skinner
Rats trained to press lever by rewarding with food, Operant Conditioning
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Little Albert
Conditioned to be afraid of rats, Classical conditioning example
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Evolutionary Theory of Attachment
Attachment theory based on idea that attachment is innate behaviour.
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Social Releasers
Social behaviours from babies that trigger a care response and are unlearned.
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Primary Attachment
Main Attachment, formed to Primary Caregiver
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Critical Period
From 0-2.5 years, If no attachment forms, none can
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Privation
not allowing attahment to ever form
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DDD
Stages of Seperation; Distress, Despair, Detachment
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Internal Working Model
All relationships Based on primary attachment
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Ainsworth
Strange Situation experiment
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Attachment type
How a baby is attached to PCG
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Secure
Seperation Anxiety, Explores while mother is present, wary of stranger, Joy on Reunion
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Insecure Ambivolent
Lots of seperation anxiety, alternates between clinging to and rejecting mother, hates stranger.
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Insecure Avoidant
No seperation Anxiety, Explores regardless of mothers presence, not bothered by stranger, no real joy on reunion.
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Van Isjendoorn and Kroonenburg
x-cultural strange situation meta analysis.
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East German child rearing
Results in insecure avoidant SS result due to emphasis on alone time
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Kibbutz
Jewish Child rearing technique, resulting in Insecure ambivolent SS result due to lots of strangers
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Schaffer and Callender
76 kids seperated from PGC due to going to hospital, Monitored for effects of disruption of attachment
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Despair
Child is quiet and incredibly unhappy. 2nd stage of seperation.
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Distress
Child screams and cries. 1st stage of seperation
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Detachment
Child is no longer attached to PGC. final stage of seperation
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Short days, Long weeks.
Child Rearing practise to minimise aggression whilst maximising development
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Maternal Deprivation Hypothesis
Bowlby - Seperating child from mother (daycare) will screw up child.
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Key Workers
Form an attachment with daycare kids to give them a secure base whilst away from PCG
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Low rate of staff turnover
Makes daycare easier for kids by allowing them to form attachments to staff.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Sensory Memory

Back

Milliseconds Duration, Attention paid to move to STM, Various encoding.

Card 3

Front

Short-Term Memory

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Long-term Memory

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Visuo Spatial Sketchpad

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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