First Aid

  • Created by: Lauren
  • Created on: 08-01-13 20:35
This is someone who is hurt or killed in an accident
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Something that is likely to cause an injury or an accident
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This is when germs enter the blood and makes a person ill
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These are small living things that sometimes makes us ill
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Trying to make sure that something dangerous does not happen by making a plan
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Types of minor injuries
Cuts, scalds, sprain, fracture, nose bleed, allergic reaction and swelling
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How do you open a casualty's airway
Put two fingers under their chin and tilt their head back then put them into recovery position
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What number should you dial for an ambulance
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How would you treat a casualty who has a small cut or graze
Wash hands, wear latex gloves, run cut under water, pat cut, apply a plaster
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How would you treat a casualty who has a nosebleed
Pinch there nose for 10 minutes
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What position is best for someone who is having a nosebleed
Sitting with their head tilted forwards
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What are the two best ways to stop or slow bleeding
Press very firmly directly on the wound and raise the injured part (above the casualty's head)
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If blood soaks through a dressing what should you do
Put another dressing on top of the soaked one
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How would you treat a burn or scald
Run the burn under cold water for at least 10 minutes, Sit the person down and wash your hands, remove any jewelry to stop swelling, Put burn cream on, apply non-stick bandage on the burn to stop any infections
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How to treat a sprain
Sit or lay the casualty down, support the injured area, apply an icepack or cold compress to the area for 10 minutes, place a bandage on but not too tight because it may start to swell, if the casualty does not respond send them to the hospital
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How to treat a open fracture
Ask the casualty to keep still, put disposible gloves on if available, control any bleeding from the wound, stabilise as for a closed fracture, secure the dressing with a bandage, cover the wound with a sterile dressing
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when would you use abdominal thrust
If someone is choking and thumping them on the back between their shoulder blades has failed to help them
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Why would you have to wear protective clothing in a hospital
Stop germs from spreading
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Why is it important to have antibacterial soap in a hospital
To stop any cuts getting infected also stop from spreading person to person
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If you was going to ring the emergency services what information would you need to give
Location, information about any hazards, gender, If the person is conscious, age
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Symptoms for an asthma attack
Coughing especially at night, wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness
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Symptons for someone chocking
Panicking, wheezing
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Symptons if someones in anaphylactic shock
Swelling of eyes, red itchy skin, vomitingExmaples
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Examples of protective clothingq
Latex gloves, face masks, hair net, goggles, apron
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When do you use disinfection
It should be used as an addiction to general cleaning, particularly when dealing with spillages e.g. blood or vomit
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Something that is likely to cause an injury or an accident

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