Fire Safety

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Fire Safety Is Providing escape routes from...
....the home, Restricting or preventing the spread of fire to or from neighbouring homes, Restricting or preventing the spread of fire inside the home, And by providing essential access for the fire brigade
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For New Homes & Extensions, at least one mains-powered smoke alarm w/ detector interlinked should be fitted on each floor and positioned...
...within 7.5m of bedroom doors & located in landings and hallways. Smoke detectors should be positioned at least 300mm from pendant lights & from the interface between walls and ceilings.
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Open plan areas need a heat detector/alarm interlinked to...
....the smoke alarm system or sprinkler when there is no alternative method of escape.
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Structural Fire Protection Can Be Fireproofing material (intumescents, insulation....
.....fireproof cladding) is to be used on structural steel & joist systems, or build the building out of concrete.
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Compartmentation is Fire barriers, firewalls ....fire partitions, and smoke barriers. Fire barriers include....
....fire-rated walls, floors, and ceilings (often made of concrete, combination wood)
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Opening protections are Fire doors and....
.... windows as they resist fire. Fire-rated glazing/glass and framing are fire barriers.
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Firestopping materials and penetration seals....
....are used to limit fire spread!!!
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For all structural elements, such as floors, walls and beams, fire resistance of at least 30 minutes is required. This is usually achieved by using....
....fire-rated plasterboard and plaster finishes at least 12.5mm thick, or two layers of standard plasterboard at least 9.5mm thick and a plaster set finish.
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For the internal wall and ceilings finishes, materials need to be Class 1-rated to....
...prevent fire spread. finishes such as plywood or interior timber cladding need to be protected. Small rooms of up to 4m2 floor area & garages up to 40m2 can be lined w/ Class 3 materials.
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Internal doors to integral garages should be FD30 fire doors, and include....
.....smoke seals and self-closing devices. Garage floors should also be sloping outwards or at least 100mm lower at these doors to prevent fuel spillage leaking in to the home.
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Fire engines must be able to get close to the building. Firefighters and their equipment must be able to reach the fire’s location in the building. Supple of...
...water, maintained at sufficient pressure, must be available to fight the fire. access to within 45m of every point of the building, or to 15% of its perimeter, is needed.
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If the first floor of your home is no higher than 4.5m above the exterior ground level, then you will need to be able to escape the house from...
...the first floor via egress windows to all habitable rooms (i.e. to bedrooms but not bathrooms). Smoke alarms and an egress window are all that are required for fire safety for any habitable room up to 4.5m above ground.
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Egress windows should be: No higher than 1.1m from the finished floor level, and at least 450mm x 450mm and a third of m2 in area. They should be positioned....
...to allow rescue by ladder. As such, they can’t be located above features like polycarbonate conservatory roofs. The windows should be positioned to allow the occupants to move away from the building.
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In new build three or four storey homes ( top floor 7-.5m above ground level), a protected stairway must be created that is continuous to an external door at ground level. The stairway enclosure throughout should be
fire resistant for at least 30 minutes w/ FD20-rated fire doors (20 minutes) to all habitable rooms along it. Homes with top floors above 7.5m require a second escape staircase or some added protection to compensate, such as a sprinkler system.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

For New Homes & Extensions, at least one mains-powered smoke alarm w/ detector interlinked should be fitted on each floor and positioned...

Back

...within 7.5m of bedroom doors & located in landings and hallways. Smoke detectors should be positioned at least 300mm from pendant lights & from the interface between walls and ceilings.

Card 3

Front

Open plan areas need a heat detector/alarm interlinked to...

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Structural Fire Protection Can Be Fireproofing material (intumescents, insulation....

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Compartmentation is Fire barriers, firewalls ....fire partitions, and smoke barriers. Fire barriers include....

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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