Findings and Conclusions Milgram (1963)

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Before the study began, how many psychology students estimated that only what percentage of the pps would give the full 450 volts?
14 psychology students and 0-3% of pps would give full shock
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I the real tests what percentage gave the full shock?
65% (26 pps) (35% therefore defied the experimenter and stopped before 450v)
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How many pps withdrew at 300 volts?
5 pps
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How many pps withdrew at 315 volts?
4 pps
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How many pps withdrew at 330 volts?
2 pps
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how many pps withdrew at 345, 360 and 375 volts?
1 pps withdrew at each
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What signs of extreme tension was seen?
Nervous laughter, sweating, trembling, lip biting and digging nails into their flesh.
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How many pps had uncontrollable seizures?
3 pps
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What did he find out when he debriefed the pps afterwards?
1.) they felt extremly anxious /stressed during the research 2.) On a 14 point scale pps modal answer to the question "How painful do you think the shocks were?" was 14 (14 being most painful)
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Why do people obey authority?
Its the situation they are in not because they are evil people.
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What was said about the location they were in?
the study was done in a prestigious place (Yale) so people obeyed authority
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Why did people obey in terms of the experimenter?
pps obeyed as it appeared that the experimenter knew what he was doing and it was a worthy purpose so didn't want to disrupt
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Why did people obey in terms of allocation of the "teacher and learner"
pps beleived it was random and so couldn't complain
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Why did pps obey in terms of payment?
Because they had already been paid and so felt obliged to continue
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Why did pps obey in terms of shocks?
pps were told that the shocks were "painful but not dangerous" therefore the discomfort would not last long
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How did the pps tension increase?
From the conflict of wanting to obey the experimenter but not wanting to hurt the learner
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

I the real tests what percentage gave the full shock?

Back

65% (26 pps) (35% therefore defied the experimenter and stopped before 450v)

Card 3

Front

How many pps withdrew at 300 volts?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How many pps withdrew at 315 volts?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How many pps withdrew at 330 volts?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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